Msgr. McPartlan Delivers Ecumenism Lecture in the UK
On Thursday 23 November 2017, Msgr. Paul McPartlan, Carl J. Peter Professor of Systematic Theology and Ecumenism, delivered a lecture on 'The Eucharist in Ecumenical Dialogue' at Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK. The lecture was part of a year-long series at Liverpool Hope involving a number of speakers on the theme 'Commemorating the Reformation'.
Several STRS Professors Present at Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented “A Brief Reflection on Mochizuki Shinko’s Pure Land Buddhism in China: a Doctrinal History” at the International Association of Shin Buddhist Studies pre-conference session with the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Boston, Nov. 17, 2017.
Dr. Michael Root delivered a paper on “Karl Barth, the Reformation, and Catholic Theology Today” to the session of the Karl Barth Society of North America, meeting at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Boston, Massachusetts. The paper explored the limited interest in Barth among contemporary Catholic theologians. It took up the recent debate centered on the analogy of being, the natural knowledge of God, and the eternal election of Jesus, arguing that a look at the Reformation shows that these issues are not specifically Catholic-Protestant, but inherent to the Western theological tradition and best approached with attention to both Protestant and Catholic discussions. The final section of the paper took up Hans Urs von Balthasar’s critique of Barth on grace and the agency of the redeemed within the economy of salvation.
Vatican Secretary of State Receives Doctorate in Theology
On Tuesday, Nov. 14, STRS was honored to host, Vatican Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, for the lecture, "The Council: A Prophecy that Continues with Pope Francis," to a packed crowd in Heritage Hall. Following the lecture, the degree of Doctor of Theology was conferred upon Cardinal Parolin. After receiving the degree, Cardinal Parolin commented, "It is truly an honor to receive this degree from such a faithful and prestigious university." The video of the talk is now available.
Dr. John Grabowski Presents at Plenary Session of National Association of Filipino Priests
On Wednesday, November 8th, Dr. John Grabowski, and his wife, Claire, gave a presentation to a plenary session of the Third Assembly of the National Association of Filipino Priests in Houston, TX. The presentation was entitled "Amoris laetitia: A Lay Perspective.": While most of the attention devoted to Pope Francis's Apostolic Exhortation on the Family has focused on chapter 8 and what it does and does not say about ministry to the divorced and civilly remarried, there is a wealth of ideas in the rest of the document which can enrich ministry to marriage and family in the Church. In particular, the document's focus on post-Cana accompaniment of married couples and on skills needed for a healthy marriage are potential game-changers for those who seek to better form couples and families to live their vocation as domestic churches.
Dr. Dinges delivers talk at St. Elizabeth Seton High School
On October 28th Dr. William D. Dinges presented a talk on "The Impact of Secularism and “Nones” on Vocational Discernment” at the Archdiocese of Washington annual Catechetical Day held at St. Elizabeth Seton High School in Bladensburg Washington, D.C.
STRS Awards Dr. Robert Wilken with the Johannes Quasten Award
On Thursday, Nov. 9, STRS honored Dr. Robert Wilken, the William R. Kenan, Jr. emeritus professor of the history of Christianity at the University of Virginia, with the 2017 Johannes Quasten Award.
Andrew Jordan Schmidt, a Doctoral student in the Biblical Studies area, successfully defended his dissertation Wednesday, November 1, 2017. Dr. Bradley Gregory directed the defense, which is titled, "Wisdom, Cosmos, & Creation in the Book of Sirach."
STRS Receives $5M Gift from the Carmelite Province of the Most Pure Heart of Mary
On Friday, Nov. 3, STRS received a $5M gift from the Carmelite Province of the Most Pure Heart of Mary for the establishment of a Endowed Chair and Center for Carmelite Studies at Catholic University. The gift marks the single largest donation in the history of STRS. Click here for more information.
Aaron Gies, a Doctoral student in the Historical Theology area, successfully defended his dissertation Tuesday, October 31. Dr. Joshua Benson directed the defense, which is titled, "Alexander of Hales on the Gospel of John: An Epitome of Sacra Doctrina"
Dr. Cloutier speaks on a panel
On October 17, Dr. David Cloutier served as a panelist at Fordham University's Center for Religion and Culture, at their public event "Christianity at the Crossroads: Navigating the Fault Lines of Gender." The ecumenical discussion sought to build greater understanding about the conflicts besetting Christian groups over issues of sex and gender.
Msgr. Irwin Launches Book in Rome
On October 20th at the Pontifical Ateno of Sant’Anselmo hosted the European book launch of Msgr.. Irwin’s recent book, A Commentary on Laudato Si, Background, Contributions, Implementation and Future of Pope Francis’ Encyclical. After summarizing the book’s contents Msgr. Irwin then delivered a lecture entitled “Sacramental Theology after LAUDATO SI.” Included among the standing room only crowd were Archbishop Arthur Roche, Secretary for the Congregation for Divine Worship, Abbot Primate Gregory Polan, OSB, Abbot Jeremy Driscoll, OSB, Rev. Mark-David Janus, President of Paulist Press and Father Jordi Pique, OSB, the President of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy at Sant’Anselmo.
Msgr. Irwin named to Roman University Board
The Abbot Primate of the International Benedictine Confederation, Gregory Polan OSB, has appointed Msgr. Kevin Irwin to the newly created Board of Advisors for the Benedictine Ateneo of Sant'Anselmo for a term of four years. The Board consists of nine members, five elected by the international abbots' confederation and four appointed members, including Msgr. Irwin. He is an alumnus of Sant'Anselmo and taught there as a visiting professor in 2016. The first meeting of the Board is on Oct. 16-17 in Rome.
Witczak addresses Austin (TX) priests
Associate Professor of Liturgical Studies Rev. Michael Witczak joined the priests of the Diocese of Austin, TX, for their annual clergy convocation on October 2-5, 2017. Witczak addressed them in five conferences exploring the theme “The Presence of Christ in the Life of a Priest: A Eucharistic Spirituality.” Present at the conference were STRS alumni, including Rev. Edward Christopher Koharchick (MA in liturgical studies [Religion and Religious Education] 1992) and Rev. Jimmy Hsu, CSP (MDiv 2014).
Msgr. Clay Offers Conference on Evangelization in the Catechumenate
Msgr. Michael Clay, Associate Professor of Practice, led a one-day conference on the importance of evangelization as a foundational element in the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults for initiation catechists in the Archdiocese of New Orleans on September 23. The conference focused on the initial period of formation, the Period of Evangelization and Precatechumenate, and showed how the ritual text highlights evangelization during the inquiry period, what basic evangelization topics are to be covered, and demonstrated some techniques on how to evangelize.
Dr. Elliot interviewed on Crux
Dr. Elliot was interviewed in Crux, the Catholic News website, on the subject of his recent book: Hope and Christian Ethics (Cambridge University Press, August 2017). Click above for the interview link.
Catholic University Extends Prayers, Support for Victims of Las Vegas Shootings
(WASHINGTON, D.C.) The Catholic University of America extends its prayers and support for the victims of yesterday’s mass shooting in Las Vegas, Nev. “As a community of faith, our University offers its prayers for the victims and their families, the first responders, and the healthcare workers who are caring for the injured,” said University President John Garvey. “This marks the deadliest mass shooting in American history. I ask that we meet this moment by cultivating peace with our words and deeds in our own community.” The University’s Counseling Center and the Office of Campus Ministry are available for students in need of support. Faculty and staff can contact the Office of Human Resources for support through the University’s employee assistance program.
2017 Dean's Vespers
The Catholic University of America's School of Theology and Religious Studies hosted its annual Dean’s Vespers on Thursday, September 28, 2017 at the Ukrainian National Shrine of the Holy Family. This year our dean, Father Mark Morozowich hosted over 300 guests including students, administrators, faculty, alumni and friends of the school. Catholic University’s Chamber Choir sung selections from the contemporary composer Roman Hurko. We were honored that he and his wife Carmen attended this vespers. Click here for more details regarding event.
Dr. Grabowski gave a Seminar at Ave Maria University
On September 29 and 30th Dr. Grabowski gave seminar presentations to the faculty and graduate students of Theology at Ave Maria University in Naples Florida based on my recent book Transformed in Christ. The topic was "Pathways to Renewal in Catholic Moral Theology: Preparations for the 50thAnniversary of Humanae vitae and the 25th Anniversary of Veritatis splendor.” The presentations considered the controversy following Pope Paul VI's 1968 document and John Paul II's 1993 encyclical on moral theology in light of the Second Vatican Council's call for a renewal of Catholic moral teaching.
Msgr. Irwin: European Book Launch
Msgr. Kevin Irwin's new book Laudato Si':Examining the Background, Contribution, Implementation and Future of Pope Francis' Encyclical will have a European book launch on Friday October 20, 2017 in Rome. The Association of Catholic Publishers acclaimed this book as the second most important book in the category of Theology, published in 2016 in the United States. Msgr. Irwin will offer brief summary of the book and then make a brief presentation on “Sacramental Theology after LAUDATO SI’”.
New Publication from Dr. Benson
Dr. Benson published "Reflections on Memory in Thomas of Celano's Vita Prima," in Ordo et Sanctitas: The Franciscan Spiritual Journey in Theology and Hagiography. Essays in Honor of J. A. Wayne Hellmann.
Dr. Benson Delivered a Talk
Dr. Benson delivered a public talk in conjunction with the Thomistic Institute entitled, "Mary in Scripture and Church Teaching," at St. Charles Borromeo Parish in Arlington, VA on Sept. 26, 2017.
Dr. Cloutier Led a Seminar
On September 22, Dr. Cloutier led a day-long interdisciplinary faculty seminar on Catholic social thought, the dignity of the person, and the common good, at Benedictine University in Lisle, IL. The session was part of a grant the school has from the Wabash Center to improve Catholic content in their undergraduate general education courses, which are taught by faculty in many different disciplines. Dr. Cloutier will return to Benedictine in November for another day-long seminar on teaching about structures of sin.
Msgr. Clay Leads Conference on Homiletics
Msgr. Clay, Associate Professor of Practice, led an all-day conference on preaching at the annual Deacon Conference for the Diocese of Richmond on September 15. The conference explored the importance of spiritual preparation, biblical theology, and the pastoral context of parishioners in homiletic development as well as how to structure a homily for effective communication.
Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation
On Tuesday, September 19th Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation to the faculty and students of the Saint John Paul II and Redmptoris Mater seminaries (at the Saint John Paul II Seminary). The presentation dealt with "Faith and Love for the Church" and considered the role of the Church in nurturing the light of faith as well as handing on its content particularly in the context of the study of theology.
Dr. Bosworth Published New Book
Dr. Bosworth published "Understanding Grief and Reading the Bible," in Mixed Feelings and Vexed Passions: Exploring Emotions in Biblical Literature (ed. Scott Spencer; Resources for Biblical Study 90; Society of Biblical Literature Press, 2017) The essay describes the current scientific research on grief and correlates it with biblical literature, especially the book of Lamentations. Click above for purchasing link.
Msgr McPartlan at Catholic-Orthodox Dialogue Meeting in Greece
Msgr McPartlan at Catholic-Orthodox Dialogue Meeting in Greece From 5-9 September 2017, Msgr Paul McPartlan took part in a meeting of the Coordinating Committee of the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church on the island of Leros, Greece. Please click above for more information.
Dr. David Elliot has Published a New Book
Hope and Christian Ethics (Cambridge University Press, August 2017). As social, civic and global anxieties mount, the need to overcome despair has become urgent. Elliot’s book proposes the theological virtue of hope as a source of rejuvenation. Hope sustains us from the sloth, presumption and despair that threaten amid injustice, tragedy and dying; it provides an ultimate meaning and transcendent purpose to our lives; and it rejoices and refreshes us 'on the way' with the prospect of eternal beatitude. Rather than degrading this life and world, hope ordains earthly goods to our eternal end, forming us to pursue justice with a resilience that transcends cynicism and disillusionment. Drawing on St. Thomas Aquinas and virtue ethics, the book shows how the virtue of hope contributes to human happiness in this life and not just the next.
Dr. David Elliot Awarded Honors
Dr. Elliot has been re-elected a Research Associate of the Von Hügel Institute for Critical Catholic Inquiry at St. Edmund’s College, Cambridge University. He was also honored in September with a book launch and reception at Cambridge University by the Society for the Study of Christian Ethics for his new book, Hope and Christian Ethics (Cambridge University Press)
Dr. Dinges Published an Article
Dr. Dinges published an article on "The Religious Situation in American Society--Contemporary Trends, Global Implications" in Religion and Society: On the Present-Day Religious Situation (Religion und Gesellschaft: Zur religiosen Situation der Gegenwart), eds., Chibueze Udeani, Friedrich Reiterer and Klaus Zapotoczky (Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi), 183-208.
Dr. Dinges Delivered a Presentation
Dr. William D. Dinges, Professor of Religious Studies delivered a presentation on “The ‘Fallen Away’ and ‘Disaffiliated’: Macro Factors in Declining Catholic Numbers,” at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Sociology of Religion, InterContinental Montreal Hotel, Montreal QC, August 12-14, 2017.
Fr. Witczak published a New Audio Course
Rev. Michael G. Witczak, Associate Professor of Liturgical Studies and Sacramental Theology in the School of Theology and Religious Studies recently published an audio course with Now You Know Media, a producer of academic and spiritual titles for Catholics. The new 12 lecture course is entitled Comfort in Suffering: Catholic Care for the Sick and Dying.
Dr. Jones Presented a Paper
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the paper, "What is Chinese Pure Land Buddhism" at the 18th Congress of the International Association for Buddhist Studies held in Toronto, August 23rd, 2017.
New Article from Dr. Miller
Dr. Robert Miller has published “Mythic Dimensions of the Sources of the Jordan” in Aram 29 (2017): 207-234, on traditions associated with the River Jordan’s headwaters.
New Article from Fr. Ford
"The "State' of Newman Studies," appeared in Newman Studies Journal 14:1 (Spring 2017): 7-15.
Fr. Ford Contributed a Book Chapter
Fr. Ford contributed the initial chapter, "John Henry Newman: Una breve introducción a sus escritos" in J. H. Newman y su legado en filosofía, teología, literatura y educacación, edited by Rosario Athié (Guadalajara: Ediciones de la Noche, 2017), 11-29.
Fr. Ford Gave a Conference Presentation
Fr. Ford gave the conference presentation "Science and Religion: Some Insights from John Henry Newman," at the annual conference of the Newman Association of America, St. Thomas University, St. Paul, Minnesota, 5 August.
Cabrini Pak, a Doctoral student in the Religion and Culture area, successfully defended her dissertation Friday, August 4th. Dr. William Barbieri directed the defense, which is titled, "Transcendence in Resilient American POWs: A Narrative Analysis".
Dr. Jones Attended Museum Exhibition
Dr. Charles B. Jones attended the exhibition "Heaven and Hell: Salvation and Retribution in Pure Land Buddhism" at the San Antonio Museum of Art as a guest of the museum staff on July 26, 2017. The visit involved an individual guided tour of the artworks with the curator, Dr. Emily Sano, and academic exchange on the religious and artistic background of the pieces.
Dr. Grabowski gave a keynote address
Dr. Grabwoski gave a keynote address at the National Association of Catholic Family Life Ministers (NACFLM) conference held at Catholic University's campus on July 25, 2017. The title of the presentation was "The Family's Role in the New Evangelization: The Theology of the Body, St. John Paul II, and Pope Francis." The presentation discussed the 2015 Synod of Bishops on the Family, Pope Francis's teaching on the family in Amoris laetitia and elsewhere, the current pope's engagement of the Theology of the Body of St. John Paul II, and the family's role in the New Evangelization in recent magisterial teaching.
Dr. David Cloutier served as a panel expert
Dr. David Cloutier served as an invited expert on a panel on "Laudato Si': Practical Strategies for Caring for God's Creation" at the USCCB national Convocation of Catholic Leaders in Orlando, FL, July 1-4. He discussed the practical importance of Pope Francis's concept of the technocratic praradigm and his spirituality of humility and simplicity.
Dr. Miller awarded Honor
Dr. Robert Miller, who has been on sabbatical in England since April, has been named a Life Member of St. John’s College at Cambridge University.
Dr. Pim Valkenberg Wins Award
Dr. Valkenberg won the Catholic Press Award for his book Nostra Aetate: Celebrating 50 Years of the Catholic Church's Dialogue with Jews and Muslims.
Msgr. Clay and Fr. Witczak Attend International Ecumenical Dialogue Meeting
Msgr. Michael Clay, Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies, and Fr. Michael Witczak, Associate Professor, participated in the annual international ecumenical dialogue meeting between the Roman Catholic Church and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) held in Bayamón, Puerto Rico, June 24-28. The topic for their five-year dialogue is Christians Formed and Transformed by the Eucharist. Msgr. Clay and Fr. Witczak have been appointed for a five-year term by the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity as members of the Catholic team.
Dr. David Bosworth has published a blog post
Related to his participation in the Sinai and Synapses Fellowship and its focus on science and religion, Dr. David Bosworth has published a blog post "Why Is Western Parenting WEIRD?" The essay is an outgrowth of research related to his book Infant Weeping in Akkadian, Hebrew, and Greek Literature. Click for further details.
Fr. Studzinski Delivered a Paper
Fr. Raymond Studzinski, O.S.B., associate professor, delivered a paper entitled “Technologies of the Self in a Monastic Context” at the Monastic Symposium in Fabriano, Italy, commemorating the 750th Anniversary of the Death of St. Sylvester Guzzolini, the Founder of the Sylvestrine Congregation of Benedictines, on June 2, 2017.
Dr. Grabowski Keynote Address
Yesterday (June 11,2017) Dr. Grabowski gave the keynote address for the Archdiocese of Santa Fe's Family Life Appreciation Dinner. The presentation was entitled "The Challenge of Amoris laetitia for Marriage and Family Life Ministry" and it outlined key points of Pope Francis's Apostolic Exhortation for various kinds of both pre and post Cana marriage ministry.
Dr. Grabowski Published a New Book
Transformed in Christ: Essays on the Renewal of Moral Theology. Faith & Reason: Studies in Catholic Philosophy and Theology. Ave Maria, FL: Sapientia Press, 2017. The book primarily collects previously published essays all of which respond to the directives for the renewal of moral theology given by the Council: engagement with scripture and the history of salvation, a focus on the human person revealed in Christ, and the universal call to holiness articulated in the language of virtue.
Luther Conference Marks the 500th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation
On May 30-June 1, STRS welcomed scholars and ministers from across the globe to Catholic University for the Luther Conference commemorating the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. Drs. Michael Root and Nelson Minnich co-organized the conference which provided an opportunity for ecumenical dialogue among Catholic and Lutheran leaders. Cardinal Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, delivered the keynote address on the current state of Catholic-Lutheran relations while Dr. Wolfgang Thoenissen, director of the Mohler Institut at the University of Paderborn, provided an assessment of the Catholic interpretation of Luther throughout the centuries. Other prominent Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox theologians from Europe and North America presented at the conference.
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented a lecture
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the lecture “Reorienting the Study of Chinese Pure Land Buddhism” at the International Institute of Asian Studies, University of Leiden in the Netherlands on May 31, 2017. On June 1, 2017, he participated in a doctoral dissertation defense at the University of Leiden.
Msgr McPartlan Speaks on Chieti Document
On 20 June 2017, Msgr Paul McPartlan gave a plenary address on "Catholic-Orthodox Dialogue and the Chieti Document" at the Orientale Lumen Conference XXI in Washington DC. The theme of the conference was "Chieti and Crete: Two Historical Events".
Academy of Catholic Theology Conference
Dr. John Grabowski attended the Academy of Catholic Theology conference that was held in Washington, DC from May 23-25. He was elected Vice President of the Academy for the coming year (2017-2018).
Msgr. Irwin Receives Book Award
The Catholic Press Association has announced that Msgr. Irwin's most recent book, A Commentary on LAUDATO SI, Background, Contributions, Implementation and Future Prospects (Paulist, 2016) was awarded second place in the Theology category in their annual assessment of Catholic publications. His other two most recent books were similarly honored. What We Have Done, What We Have Failed To Do, Assessing the Liturgical Reforms of Vatican II received second place in the Liturgy category in 2014 and his book Sacraments, A Liturgical Theology received first place in the Liturgy category in 2016.
Msgr. Clay Attends Evangelization Conference for Academic Centers in Rome
Msgr. Michael Clay, clinical associate professor and associate dean of seminary and ministerial programs in STRS, represented the school at an international meeting of 17 academic centers offering degrees in evangelization sponsored by the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization (PCPNE) on April 26-27. The meeting was the first of its kind held by the relatively new Council to understand how schools are training future leaders in evangelization and to explore specific issues of interest to the Council. Msgr. Clay, director of the evangelization concentration in the Doctor of Ministry degree program, provided an overview of the program which generated a lot of interest by the other academic centers and the PCPNE leaders.
Msgr. Stephen J. Rossetti gives workshop in China
Msgr. Stephen J. Rossetti, research associate professor in STRS, was invited and gave two workshops in China April 18-27. He first gave a four-day workshop to forty women religious and priests engaged in formation work. This was in the Hebei Province, near Beijing. He then traveled to Jinan, capitol of the Shandong Province, to give a two day workshop to 20 Catholic bishops. Both workshops were on the subject of human formation and celibate sexuality. The Church in China is desirous of increasing its human formation for both priests and religious. The workshops were a great success and Msgr Rossetti was invited to return.
Dr. Miller on the Road
Dr. Robert Miller is presenting several seminars while a Beaufort Overseas Visiting Scholar at St. John’s College, Cambridge, this spring. On Wednesday, May 3, he presented “Reconsidering the Kenite Hypothesis” in the Faculty of Divinity of Cambridge University. On Wednesday May 24 he will deliver the address, “Yahweh Comes from the South Revisited,” jointly sponsored by the Palestine Exploration Society and Kings College London. Monday, June 5, he will present “Yahweh's Southern Origins in the Light of the Archaeology of Midianite Religion” to the Oxford University Old Testament Seminar.
Beverly Goines, a Doctoral student in the Religion and Culture area, successfully defended her dissertation Tuesday, April 25th. Dr. William Dinges directed the defense, which is titled, "The Ecumenical Vision of the Black Church in the Theologies of Thomas Hoyt, Frederick Ware and Kortright Davis".
Cyprien Niyitegeka, a Doctoral student in the Spirituality area, successfully defended his dissertation on Friday, April 21st. Rev. Raymond Studzinski directed the defense, which is titled, "The Metaphor of the Face in Therese of Liseux from the Philosophical Perspective of Emmanuel Levinas: Creating a Model for Contemporary Mission Spirituality".
Christopher Stravitsch, a doctor of Ministry student in the Spirituality area, successfully presented his Treatise on Friday, April 21st. Susan Timoney directed the presentation, which is titled, "Marriage and the Spiritual Life: Deepening Marital Love through Ignatian Prayerful Conversations".
Brandon Turner, a doctoral student in the Religion and Culture area, successfully defended his dissertation on Thursday, April 20th. Dr. Wilhelmus Valkenburg directed the dissertation, which is titled, "Most Religious” in Washington, DC: A Qualitative Study of Muslim American Religiosity".
Pawel Tomczyk, a doctoral student in the Moral Theology/Ethics area, successfully defended his dissertation on Thursday, April 20th. Dr. John Grabowski directed the dissertation, which is titled, "The Presence of Virtue Ethics in the Thought of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II".
Domenico Pullano, a Doctor of Ministry student in the Spirituality area, successfully presented his treatise on Wednesday, April 12, 2017. Rev. Raymond Studzinski directed the treatise, which is titled, "The Spiritual Formation of the Catholic Teacher".
Fr. Alexopoulos Published an article
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos published the article "Puccio Capanna's Madonna and Child (ca. 1330) through Byzantine Eyes" in Orthodoxes Forum: Zeitschrift des Instituts für Orthodoxe Theologie der Universität München 30.2 (2017) 181-192.
Elizabeth Smith, a doctoral student in the Systematic Theology area, successfully defended her dissertation on Tuesday, April 11th. Dr. Michael Root directed the dissertation, which is titled, "Ecclesiology and Ecumenism: Recent Anglican-Lutheran Agreements on Episcopacy from a Catholic Perspective".
Peter Schafer, a doctoral student in Catechetics defended his dissertation on Monday, April 10th. Sis. Margaret Scheiber directed the dissertation, which is titled, "Catechetical Service-Learning: Strengthening the Community Service Component of Catechesis Through the Application of Service-Learning Principles and Practices".
Fr. Alexopoulos led a retreat
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos led the Lenten retreat at St. Luke Greek Orthodox Church in Broomall PA on April 1. He offered two lectures, one on the Presanctified Liturgy and another on the Divine Liturgy of St. Basil.
Fr. Alexopoulos published an article and delivered two lectures
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos published the article "Proskynesis" in the Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum, volume 28 (Stuttgart: Anton Hiersemann, 2017) columns 360-372.
Angela C. Rasmussen, a doctoral student in the Biblical Studies area, successfully defended her dissertation on Tuesday, April 4th. Dr. David Bosworth directed the dissertation, which is titled, "The Book of Ruth for Children".
Dr. Loewe delivered a paper
William Loewe delivered a paper entitled "Interfaith Christology? Dogmatic Prolegomena" at a conference entitled "Theology Without Borders" at the Berkley Center of Georgetown University on March 31.
Dr. Grabowski gave day long presentation
Dr. Grabowski gave an all day series of presentations for the diocese of Lansing (MI) on Saturday, March 25th. The day as a whole was entitled "What the Heck is Going On? Gender, Genesis, and the Theology of the Body." The presentations discussed specific lights and shadows facing the Church in its ministry to singles and families in the early 21st century. It provided an overview of St. John Paul II's Theology of the Body and the way in which it can ground a response to some of these challenges. The final session considered the place of the Theology of the Body in the Ministry of Pope Francis and the way in which it can serve as tool for the New Evangelization.
Msgr McPartlan Delivers Third Paluch Lecture
On 29 March 2017, Msgr Paul McPartlan delivered the third and final of his Chester and Margaret Paluch Lectures this year at the University of St Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary. Among the audience for the open lecture, entitled "Priesthood and the Deacon,", were a number of permanent deacons from the Archdiocese of Chicago. All three Paluch lectures will be published this Fall in Chicago Studies.
Rev. Dr. Michael Witczak Received an Award
Rev. Dr. Michael Witczak, associate professor of liturgical studies, has received the 2017 Award for Teaching Excellence from Now You Know Media, a publisher of audio and video courses on Catholic topics. Dr. Witczak's course Becoming a Catholic: The History and Practice of Initiation was published last year.
Dr. Dinges served as group facilitator
Dr. Dinges served as a group facilitator for Integrating Ecology into Curricula and Course Development as part of the Ecologically Informed Theological Education Symposium sponsored by the Washington Theological Consortium and Interfaith Center for Sustainable Development and held at Catholic University on March 16th.
Dr. Dinges presented a lecture at St. Mark's Catholic Parish
Dr. William Dinges presented a lecture on "Calling Catholics to Care for Creation: Some Whys and Hows" at St. Mark Catholic Parish in Vienna, VA on March 19th.
Paul Gallagher presented his Doctor of Ministry treatise on Wednesday, March 22nd. The project was directed by Rev. Richard DeLillio, and his treatise is titled "Making All Things New: A Health Transformation Retreat Using Principles of Ignatian Spirituality".
Dr. Miller Publishes Article
Dr. Robert Miller has published “The Witch at the Navel of the World,” in Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 129 (2017): 98-102, explaining why the biblical authors placed the Witch of Endor at the foot of Mount Tabor.
Rev. Dr. Heil Publishes Book on Worship in Matthew
The book is entitled The Gospel of Matthew: Worship in the Kingdom of Heaven and is published by Wipf & Stock under their Cascade Books imprint.
Msgr. Irwin Delivers Keynote Address
On March 16th at the Przbyla Center on campus Msgr. Kevin Irwin delivered the keynote address: “The Promise of LAUDATO SI for Theological Education” at the day long Symposium on Ecologically Informed Theological Education, sponsored by the Washington Theological Consortium, the Interfaith Center for Sustainable Development, the Methodist Theological School of Ohio, and the Green Seminary Initiative.
John Makdisi, a doctoral student in the Systematics area, successfully defended his dissertation on Friday, March 17th. Dr. William Mattison directed the dissertation, which is titled, "The Object of the Moral Act: Understanding St. Thomas Aquinas Through the Work of Steven Long and Martin Rhonheimer".
Dr. Grabowski Coauthored publication
Janet E. Smith, John S. Grabowski, J. Budzinski, and Maria Fedoryka, "Self Gift: The Heart of Humane vitae," The National Bioethics Quarterly 16 (2016): 449-74. The essay sketches some of the main philosophical and theological lines of defense for the Church's teaching reaffirmed in Paul VI's 1968 encyclical, focusing on the idea of the conjugal act as a complete gift of self.
Msgr. Irwin Speaks at Sheen Center
On Monday March 13th Msgr. Irwin returned to his home archdiocese of New York to deliver a lecture on Pope Francis’ encyclical LAUDATO SI, On Cafe for Our Common Home: Background and Contributions. The Sheen Center is named after Archbishop Fulton Sheen and offers theatrical and musical programs as well as a series of lectures and panel discussions and theology and contemporary thought.
Dr. Miller Presented a lecture
Dr. Robert Miller presented a lecture on "Dragonslaying in Ancient Asia, the Bible, and the Band ‘Genesis’" at Temple University, Philadelphia, March 8, 2017.
Dr. Cloutier published an essay
Dr. David Cloutier published an essay as part of a cover feature in Commonweal magazine's March 10 Theology issue on "Gender and the Body," raising questions about transgenderism and the common good.
Dr. Dinges presented a lecture
Dr. William Dinges presented a lecture on "Calling Catholics to Care for Creation: Some Whys and Hows" for the Adult Faith Focus on Ethics Series at Georgetown's Holy Trinity Catholic Church, Washington DC., February 26th, 2017.
William (BJ) Buracker defended his dissertation, "Abner Son of Ner: The Characterization and Contribution of King Saul's Chief General" on Tuesday, February 28th. The dissertation was directed by Dr. David Bosworth.
Kevin DePrinzio, O.S.A., successfully defended his dissertation on Friday, February 24th. The dissertation, titled "Your Word Pierced My Heart, and I Fell in Love: Teresa of Avila's Reading of Augustine of Hippo's Confessions" was directed by Fr. Regis Armstrong, O.F.M.Cap.
Msgr McPartlan Delivers Second Paluch Lecture
Msgr Paul McPartlan, this year's Chester and Margaret Paluch Lecturer at the University of St Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary, delivered the second in a series of three lectures at Mundelein on 22 Feb 2017. The lecture was entitled: "Synodality,Primacy and the Role of Theology".
Fr. DeLillio Receives Award
The Faculty and Seminarians of Theological College have chosen Dick DeLillio to receive the Rev. Gerald I. Brown PSS Award for Excellence in Pastoral Ministry. The award is in recognition for Dick’s assistance in the formation of seminarians through his preaching courses. The award ceremony is this Wednesday at Theological College and is presented during the annual Pastoral Supervisors’ Appreciation Vespers and Dinner. Congrats to Dick on this recognition during his Silver Jubilee of Priesthood!
Dr. Grabowski a Presentation to the Mid-Atlantic Congress for Catholic leaders
On Saturday, February 18th Dr. Grabowski and his wife Claire gave a presentation at the Mid-Atlantic Congress for Catholic leaders in Baltimore. The Presentation was entitled "The Impact of Familiaris consortio on the Ministry of Pope Francis." They sought to highlight significant areas of both continuity and development in the teaching of St. John Paul II and Pope Francis on the family, particularly in regard to marriage formation (pre and post Cana) and the understanding of family as a domestic church.
Carey Cash Presented DMin Treatise
Carey Cash, a Liturgical Catechesis student in the D.Min. program, presented his treatise, "Head, Heart and Feet: An Evangelizing Catechesis for the Military".
Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation on Theology of the Body
On February 9th Dr. Grabowski gave the presentation: "The Theology of the Body and the Challenges of the 21st Century." Presentation to Young Adults. St. Dominic Church, Washington DC. The presentation discussed the three major "revolutions" impacting the current understanding of relationships, marriage, and family (the Industrial Revolution, the Sexual revolution, and the Technology Explosion) and the relevance of John Paul II's catechesis on the body for responding to these challenges and the questions they raise.
Dr. Dinges Presentation
Dr. William Dinges presented a lecture on "'Nones': An Update" to the Paulist Evangelization Ministries seminarians/staff, Washington, D.C., February 8, 2017.
Fr. Witczak gave a presentation
Rev. Michael Witczak, SLD, Associate Professor of Liturgical Studies and Sacramental Theology in the School of Theology and Religious Studies, gave a presentation at Jesus the Good Shepherd Catholic Church, Owings, MD, on Saturday, February 11, 2017, entitled "Ministering the Presence of Christ."
Dr. Jones presented 4 part lecture series
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the four-part lecture series “Understanding Religion” for the Smithsonian Associates, Washington, D.C., January 17, 24, 31, and Feb. 7, 2017.
Msgr. Stephen J. Rossetti gives lecture
As a consultant to the Papal Commission on the Protection of Minors, Msgr Stephen J Rossetti, Research Associate Professor in STRS, was asked to travel to Colombia to assist in their child protection efforts. January 24 to Feb 3, he gave six workshops in Bogota, Cali and Villavicencio to bishops, priests, religious and lay professionals engaged in the work of child protection. He also met with child protection officers and church leaders to discuss their efforts to date and offered suggestions for the future. He made the trip with Bishop Ali Herrera, Auxiliary Bishop of Bogota and a member of the Pontifical Commission. The visit was covered by the largest newspaper in the country, El Tiempo: Click above for more details
Kevin DePrinzio, O.S.A., successfully defended his dissertation on Friday, February 24th. The dissertation, titled "Your Word Pierced My Heart, and I Fell in Love: Teresa of Avila's Reading of Augustine of Hippo's Confessions" was directed by Fr. Regis Armstrong, O.F.M.Cap.
Rev. Dr. Serra presented at NAAL Conference
Rev. Dr. Dominic Serra presented a paper at the North American Academy of Liturgy conference, “The Evolution of Roman Liturgical Books: New Questions for Andrieu, Vogel, and Chavasse.” The paper was presented to and discussed by two seminar groups of the Academy: the seminar on Problems in the Early History of the Liturgy and the seminar on Issues in Medieval Liturgy.
Msgr. Irwin Reappointed USCCB Consultor
Archbishop Wilton Gregory, archbishop of Atlanta and recently elected Chair of the USCCB Committee for Divine Worship,b has reappointed Msgr. Irwin as a Consultor to that committee. Msgr. Irwin held that position from 1992-95 and from 2004 to the present. This renewed three year appointment makes Msgr. Irwin the longest serving consultor to the Committee in its fifty year history.
Liturgy Area Hosted Guest Lecture
The Liturgical Studies Area had the honor to host Professor Harald Buchinger from the University of Regensburg on Tuesday, January 10, 2017. Professor Buchinger offered a seminar to the Liturgy graduate students with the title: "Heortology in Transition: The Easter Cycle in the Late Antique East."
Fr. Alexopoulos Presented a Paper
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos presented the paper “Toward a History of Printed Liturgical Books in the Modern Greek State: An Initial Survey” (co-authored with Dionysios Bilalis Anatolikiotes) at the North American Academy of Liturgy Washington DC, January 7, 2017
Dr. Jones published new article
“Chinese Scholarship on Pure Land Buddhism in China,” in Mochizuki, Shinko. Pure Land Buddhism in China: A Doctrinal History. Richard K. Payne and Natalie Quli, eds. Contemporary Issues in Buddhist Studies Series. Berkeley and Honolulu: Institute of Buddhist Studies and the University Press of Hawai'i, 2016, p. 2:33-52.
Fr. Witczak Presented at the NAAL Conference
Fr. Michael Witczak, associate professor of liturgical studies in the School of Theology and Religious Studies, presented two paper at the annual meeting of the North American Academy of Liturgy (NAAL), held January 5-8 at the Renaissance Hotel in downtown District of Columbia. He presented the paper "Evolving Theologies of Priesthood: The Private Prayers of the Priest in the Roman Missal of 1962 and 2002 - The Introductory Rites" to the seminar on Issues in Medieval Liturgy. In conjunction with former STRS adjunct faculty member, Dr. Katherine Harmon, he presented "Defining the Spirituality of the Liturgical Movement" to the seminar on Historical Research: Sixteenth Century to the Present. Fr. Witczak is a past president of the NAAL.
Msgr. Irwin Publishes New Book
This week the Paulist Press released Msgr. Irwin's new book, a commentary on Pope Francis' encyclical LAUDATO SI. Chapter one situates the encyclical in the context of documents from the Roman Catholic papal magisterium on the environment from Vatican II to the present. This survey also includes documents from national episcopal conferences and representative texts from the Orthodox Church. Chapter two summarizes many of the points the Pope makes in the document, in particular where he advances on Catholic teaching. Chapter three argues a number of avenues for the continuing implementation of the encyclical: international, national, ecclesial and personal. This chapter also has specific suggestions about the reformed Roman Catholic liturgy in light of LAUDATO SI. The final chapter offers ideas and pathways forward beyond the encyclical.
Kelley D.Min. Presentation
Kathleen Kelley, a Doctor of Ministry student in the Pastoral Care & Counseling program, successfully presented her treatise on Friday, December 9th. The project, titled "A Catechetical Program for Roman Catholics in Twelve-Step Recovery," was directed by Msgr. Stephen Rossetti.
Jan Dolny Defended His Dissertation
STD Candidate Jan Dolny successfully defended his dissertation, "The Relationship between the Development of Doctrine and the Papal Office according to John Henry Newman and Vladimir Sergeyevich Soloviev". Dolny is a Systematics student and was directed by Rev. John Ford, C.S.C.
Daniel McClain Defense
Daniel McClain, doctoral candidate in Historical and Systematic Theology, successfully defended his dissertation on December 5, 2016. The dissertation, entitled "An Hexameral Reading of Bonaventure's Breviloquium," was directed by Dr. Joshua Benson.
Professor Emeritus Fr. Joseph Fitzmeyer, SJ Enters Eternal Life
Rev. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J., died peacefully the morning before Christmas at Manresa Hall, Merion Station, PA. He was 96. Please click above for the full obituary.
Locey DMin Presentation
Lois Locey successfully presented her Doctor of Ministry treatise on December 16, 2016. The treatise was directed by Rev. Richard DeLillio and is titled "Using the Secular Sciences to Increase Parishioner Participation and Engagement."
Adam Tune successfully defended his dissertation, "When God's People Lie: A Psychological Examination of the Occurrences of Deception in Samuel-Kings."
Dean Morozowich Lectures on the 1946 Lviv Pseudo Synod and Liturgical Identity
On November 12th Fr. Mark Morozowich spoke at the LaSalle University sponsored conference entitled “Ecumenical Encounters between East and West. Catholicism and Orthodoxy in Ukraine.” His presentation "The Pseudo-Synod of 1946: Liturgical Implications and Identity" addressed the underlying ecumenical and liturgical issues of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church both internally and externally.
Dr. Jones presented a paper
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the paper, “A Re-examination of Ven. Taixu's Jiànshè rénjian jìngtu lùn (‘On the Establishment of the Pure Land in the Human Realm’)” at the International Conference “Implementation of Humanistic Buddhism in East Asia and South East Asia” held December 2-3, 2016 at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Dr. Grabowski appointed as USCCB consultant
Dr. Grabowski has been appointed to another three year term as a theological consultant to the U.S,C..C.B.'s Committee on Laity ,Marriage, Family & Youth. This is the third time that he has served in this capacity. Consultants attend bi-annual meetings of the committee, advise bishop members on policy and pastoral initiatives, and assist in the production of teaching documents issued by the Conference.
Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting
The Biblical Area was well-represented at the Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting in San Antonio, TX. Four professors and four students presented papers. Click above for more information.
Dr. Miller has article published
Dr. Robert Miller has published “The Hebrew Bible’s Concept of Life,” in Communio Viatorum, vol. 57, no. 111 (2015 [sic]), pp. 223-39. This essay presents what Old Testament scholarship can contribute to the Science-and-Theology question of “What is life?”
Msgr. Clay Offers Conference on the Revised Order of Celebrating Matrimony
Msgr. Michael Clay, Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies, offered a day-long conference to the priests and deacons of the Diocese of Richmond on November 11 on the recently revised Order of Celebrating Matrimony. The conference examined the expanded praenotanda, the revisions of the Order, and the new appendices.
Fr. Witczak Gave a Lecture
Fr. Michael Witczak, associate professor of liturgical studies and sacramental theology in the School of Theology and Religious Studies made a presentation on "The Order of Celebrating Matrimony: Perspectives on the New Translation" for the Diocese of Arlington, Virginia, chapter of the National Association of Pastoral Musicians, on Saturday, November 12, 2016.
Msgr. Irwin on the Road
Msgr. Kevin Irwin delivered two major addresses for the convocation of parish leaders in the Diocese of Spokane on Ocr. 14. They were entitled “The Life of the Liturgy” and “The Liturgy of Life.” On Saturday Oct. 2 he delivered the keynote address at a day for parish ministers at Holy Trinity Church in Dc entitled “The World as God’s Icon. The Sacramentality of Creation.” Because of his role as an appointed Consultor to the USCC Committee on Divine Worship he participated in their day long meeting in Baltimore on Nov. 13th
Dr. Miller published new book
Dr. Robert Miller has published Many Roads Lead Eastward: Overtures to Catholic Biblical Theology (Eugene, OR: Cascade Press, 2016). This book surveys ways in which biblical scholars have tried to make their scholarship of service to theology. The book is ideally a textbook for university or seminary courses.
Fr. Witczak Presented at a workshop
Fr. Michael Witczak presented a workshop, "Ministering the Presence of Christ," for liturgical ministers at Jesus the Divine Word Catholic Church, in Huntingtown, Maryland, on Saturday, October 29, 2016.
Dr. Grabowski gave two plenary addresses
On November 5, 2016 Dr. Grabowski gave two plenary addresses to the National Association of Diaconate Directors Region 1 Conference in Newport, RI. These addresses provided a summary and overview of Amoris laetita as a whole and then focused on its implications for ministry to families as this pertains to priests, deacons, and lay ministers.
Grabowski gave a presentation on Amoris laetitia
On November 3, 2016 Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation entitled "The Challenge of Amoris laetitia for Marriage and family Life Ministry" at the U.S.C.C.B. Diocesan Marriage and Family Life Directors Orientation. The presentation offered some remarks about the document as a whole, its connection to the recent Synods on Family, and then a summary of chapter 6 and 8 of Pope Francis's Apostolic Exhortation.
Dr. Cloutier Lecture
Dr. Cloutier gave an invited public lecture November 1, on "The Vice of Luxury" at Creighton University in their Business, Faith, and the Common Good Institute's speaker series.
Dr. Cloutier lectured at St. Vincent College
Dr. David Cloutier was invited to give a lecture in the Theology Department Lecture Series on "The Problem of Luxury" at Saint Vincent College, Latrobe, PA, October 6. He also led a class session on his article "The Problem of Luxury in the Christian Life" the following day.
Dr. Jones has article published
Dr. Charles B. Jones has published “Creation and Causality in Chinese-Jesuit Polemical Literature,” in Philosophy East and West, vol. 66, no. 4 (Oct. 2016), p. 1251-1272. Click above for the article.
Fr. Alexopoulos Delivered two papers
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos delivered a paper titled: "The Canonization of the Greek Martyrs of 1922: Is it a Novetly?" at the Sixth International Congress of the Society of Oriental Liturgy held in Etchmiadzin, Armenia, September 15, 2016. The second paper was titled: "The Gospel Narrative in Byzantine Liturgy" at the Seventh East-West Symposium of New Testament Scholars with the theme "History and Theology in the Gospel Narratives" in Moscow, Russia, September 30, 2016.
Fr. Alexopoulos Delivers Talk
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos delivered a talk titled: "The Armenian Martyrs of 1915: Pastoral Implications for Today" at the Armenian Seminary, Holy Etchmiadzin, Armenia, on September 13, 2016.
Dr. Minnich will be attending an international conference hosted by Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences
The Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences promotes an International Conference to be held at the Pontifical Lateran University, on 12-14 October 2016 entitled: "Finding solutions. New light on the Fifth Lateran Council (1512-1517). " Simultaneous translation will be available in French, English and Italian. Thursday, October 13, 2016, at 17:30, at the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, there will offer also a concert of Corradiana Music Chapel of the Cathedral of Molfetta, on the theme "Sacred Roman Polyphony by the Fifth Lateran Council of Trent." Click above for more details
Msgr. Rossetti named Consultant to Papal Commission
Msgr Stephen J Rossetti PhD DMin, research associate professor in the School of Theology and Religious Studies has been officially named a consultant to the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors. Msgr. Rossetti has long ministered as an advocate for the protection of minors including conducting research, publishing articles and books, and giving workshops around the world on best practices, He has been a consultant to the USCCB on this issue for several years and helped to draft and later amend the Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People (the “Dallas Charter”).
Msgr McPartlan Interviewed on the Chieti Document
Msgr Paul McPartlan has been interviewed by the Aleteia website about the agreed statement on 'Synodality and Primacy in the First Millennium' (the Chieti Document) recently agreed by the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Click above for more details and to read the interview
Fr. Alexopoulos was a conference key note speaker
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos was the keynote speaker at the Annual Conference of the Eastern Federation of Orthodox Church Musicians held at St. George Greek Orthodox Church, Bethesda, MD, October 27-30, 2016. His keynote address was titled: Hymnology, Music and the Liturgy.
Msgr McPartlan Publishes Article on WCC Document
Msgr Paul McPartlan has published an article entitled, "The Church - Towards a Common Vision: A Roman Catholic Response," Ecclesiology12(2016), pp.298-315, commenting on the 2013 convergence document on ecclesiology produced by the Faith and Order Commission of the World Council of Churches.
Dr. Grabowski gave a convocation to the priests of the diocese of Richmond
On October 17-19 Dr. Grabowski gave a convocation to the priests of the diocese of Richmond in Staunton, VA. The days focused on developments in recent Catholic teaching theology regarding marriage, family, sexuality, and carding for persons at the end of life. Specific topics of the presentations which he gave during these days included: Emerging Challenges to Marriage and the Family, Family in the Ministry of Pope Francis: Reflections from the Synod Amoris laetitia, New Trends in Catholic Sexual Teaching: Human Fertility as a Case Study, Catholic Teaching on Same-Sex Attraction and Relationships, and Moral Issues at the End of Life.
CUA Professors in Catholic-Orthodox Dialogue
From 20-22 October 2016, Msgr Paul McPartlan, Fr John Galvin, and Fr Joseph Komonchak (emeritus professor) participated in a meeting of the North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation in Baltimore. Msgr McPartlan gave a presentation on the Chieti Document, recently approved by the international Catholic-Orthodox dialogue. Click above for more details.
Dr. Miller delivered latest paper
Dr. Robert Miller delivered a paper entitled: "Baal, St. George, and Khidr: Dynamics of the Longue durée" in the Belief Narratives Network section of the at the Quadrennial Meeting of the International Society for Folk Narrative Research held in Miami, October 21, 2016.
Msgr McPartlan Delivers Paluch Lecture at Mundelein
On 19 October 2016, Msgr Paul McPartlan gave the first of the three Chester and Margaret Paluch Lectures that he will deliver at the University of St Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary during the course of the 2016-17 academic year. The title was "Dei Verbum at the Heart of Vatican II".
Msgr McPartlan to be Paluch Lecturer in 2016-17
Msgr Paul McPartlan is to be the 2016-17 Chester and Margaret Paluch Lecturer at the University of St Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary. In that capacity, he will deliver three lectures on the theme, '"A Sure Compass": The Continuing Reception of Vatican II', during the course of the present academic year.
Fr. Witczak publishes new course
Fr. Witczak recently published a new course in three formats, audio CD and audio MP3 and video DVD: Becoming a Catholic: The History and Practice of Initiation (Bethesda, MD: Now Your Know Media, 2016). Click above for more information.
Msgr. Irwin Attends Meetings in Rome Regarding Faith and Ecology
In conjunction with the AAAS grant on Science in Seminaries Msgr. Irwin is presently attending the XIII meeting of University Professors in Rome co-sponsored by the Congregation for Catholic Education and Sapienza University. Click above for more details.
New Essay from Fr. Ford has been published
Fr. Ford's newest essay, "Ecumenical Ecology and Ecological Ecumenism: Reflections on the Encyclicals of Patriarch Bartholomew and Pope Francis," appeared in Ecumenical Trends 45/8 (September 2016)" 1-6,15.
Dr. Miller on Oral Tradition and the Psalms
Dr. Miller's paper, "Ritual Performance of Hebrew Mythic Psalms," was presented September 2 at the "Orality and Narration: Performance and Mythic-Ritual Poetics" Orality and Literacy in the Ancient World XII Conference in Switzerland, at Puidoux near Lausanne.
Msgr. Clay Presents Conference on the Revised Order of Celebrating Matrimony
Msgr. Michael Clay, Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies, offered a day-long conference to the priests of the Diocese of Raleigh on August 30 on the recently revised Order of Celebrating Matrimony. The conference examined the expanded Praenotanda, the revisions to the Order, and the new appendices.
Essay written by Dr. Grabowski on same-sex attraction recently published
"Not Just Love: The Anthropological Assumptions of Catholic Teaching on Same-Sex Attraction and Activity," in Justice through Diversity: A Philosophical and Theological Debate, ed. Michael J. Sweeney, pp. 615-38. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016. Click above for more details.
Dr. Grabowski gave keynote address
On Saturday, September 24 Dr. Grabowski presented a keynote address at the Theology of the Body Institute International Congress in Ontario, CA entitled "Discerning the Body: The Place of the Theology of the Body in the Ministry of Pope Francis"--This presentation engaged the view of some commentators and pundits which holds that Pope Francis is not deeply interested in marriage, the family, or the Theology of the Body of his predecessor St. John Paul II. This presentation challenged those views and showed the deep continuity between the two pontiffs as revealed in the recent Synods on family and the Apostolic Exhortation Amoris laetitia.
Dr. Grabowski led study days for the faculty of St. Meinrad Archabbey
On September 22 and 23, Dr. Grabwoski led study days on topics such as 1)" Pope Francis, Family and Evangelization: An Interpretation" 2) "Amoris laetitia: Overview and Some specific Issues" and 3) "Forming Families and those Who Minister to Them (marriage & seminary formation)". Click above for more details.
Dr. Christopher Ruddy presented papers at Fairfield University
Christopher Ruddy was one of thirty participants at "The Future of Catholic Systematic Theology in the Northern Hemisphere" conference, held at Fairfield University, September 9th-11th. He delivered one of five invited papers, "Systematic Theology and Generational Change; The Anxiety of Influence."
Local Parish hosts lecture on Creation by Dr. Miller
On September 18 and 25, Dr. Robert Miller lectured on “The Grand Pattern of Genesis 1” and “Genesis 2 on Human Nature” for the Sunday Forums series at St. Paul’s Episcopal Parish, Washington, DC. Shawn Stroud, TRS doctoral student in Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology, is Assistant Priest at the parish.
Msgr McPartlan Participates in New Catholic-Orthodox Agreement
From 15-22 September 2016, Msgr Paul McPartlan participated in the latest plenary meeting of the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, held at Francavilla al Mare, in the Diocese of Chieti-Vasto, Italy. Click above for more details.
New Book from Dr. Wessel
Dr. Susan Wessel's newest book Passion and Compassion in Early Christianity, Cambridge University Press 2016 has recently been published.
Gregory D. Voiles successfully defended his doctoral dissertation, entitled "The Shape of Spiritual Direction in the Mystical Theology of Jan van Ruusbroec" on September 19, 2016.
VOA interviews Fr. Witczak
Voice of America (VOA) Interviewed Fr. Witczak about Mother Theresa and her upcoming canonization. Click above for the link to the article and video.
Integrating Science in Theology. Dr. Bosworth's newest blog post
Dr. Bosworth, a Sinai and Synapses Fellow, wrote a blog post about how ministers can bring science to their theology that originated from his presentation for a faculty retreat for the Science for Seminaries grant. Click above for links.
New Edited Volume published by Dr. Miller
Robert Miller has published an edited volume, Between Israelite Religion and Old Testament Theology: Essays on Archaeology, History, and Hermeneutics (Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology 80; Leuven: Peeters, 2016). In this volume of collected essays, Dr. Miller contributed "Iron Age Medicine Men and Old Testament Theology.”
Dr. Bosworth presented a paper
Dr. Bosworth presented a paper “Infant Weeping in Hebrew and Greek Infant Abandonment Stories” at the Catholic Biblical Association.
Dr. Bosworth’s new book.
Dr. Bosworth’s new book Infant Weeping in Akkadian, Hebrew, and Greek Literature has been published
Dr. Bosworth Science for Seminaries retreat
Dr. Bosworth attended the "Science for Seminaries" retreat in Newagen, Maine and presented three talks about CUA's experience of the "Science for Seminaries" grant for Catholic and Orthodox seminary faculty interested in incorporating science into their courses.
Fr. Ford Conference
At the annual conference of the Newman Association of America, the following people from STRS gave presentations: Lisa Adams (Ph.D. candidate, Historical Theology): "What Newman meant by 'Rhetoric'"; Carlos Taja (Ph.D. candidate, Systematic Theology): "Newman's Epistemology of Faith and Revelation"; John Ford c.s.c. "Newman Trivia: Family and Friends."
Fr. Ford Review Essay
Fr. Ford's review-essay "Newman on Vatican II" was published in Newman Studies Journal 13/1 (Spring 2016): 80-87.
Dr. Grabowski Plenary Address
Last Friday (July 22) Dr. Grabowski gave a plenary address at the Courage Conference which was held on CUA's campus entitled "Create in Me a Clean Heart: The Perils of Pornography." The presentation discussed and amplified ideas in the recent pastoral statement of the USCCB on the moral evil of pornography, its impact on persons and society, and how the Christian community is called to respond to pornography use or addiction among its members.
Dr. Grabowski Presentation
Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation at Symposium "Hope, Help, and Healing: A Catholic Response to Domestic Violence" meeting on our campus. The presentation was entitled "Church Teaching on Marriage, Domestic Abuse and Violence." It provided an overview of resources in scripture and catholic tradition to understand the moral evil of domestic violence and the way these resources are being brought to bear on it in recent magisterial teaching.
Dr. Jones Paper Presentation
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the paper, “Master Sheng-yen’s Pure Land Teachings: Synthesizing the Traditional and the Modern” at the 6th International Sheng Yen Buddhist Conference “Chinese Buddhism and Master Sheng Yen in the Contexts of Modernity and the Buddhist Historical Imagination” in Taipei, Taiwan July 1, 2016.
Dr. Grabowski Presentation
On June 25 Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation to Archbishop Chaput and the Pastoral Council of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia on the topic of "Emerging Challenges to Marriage and the Family." The presentation examined the impact of the Industrial Revolution, the Sexual revolution, and the explosion of technology on marriage as well as specific challenges and opportunities facing the Church in its ministry to couples and families
International Theological Dialogue
Msgr. Michael Clay and Fr. Michael Witczak both participated in the fourth session of the fifth phase of the Disciples of Christ-Roman Catholic International Commission for Dialogue. Click above for more details.
Fr. Ford Presentation
Fr. Ford gave a presentation "Ecumenical Ecology and Ecological Ecumenism: the encyclicals of Pope Francis and Patriarch Bartholomew" at the Orientale Lumen XX conference in Washington, DC, June 21-24.
Dr. Valkenberg Article
The article "God(s) of Abraham Sibling rivalry between two faiths" written by Dr. Valkenberg was published in the Christian Century. Click above to see the article link.
Dr. Jones gave a presentation
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the talk “The Pedagogy of Chinese Sutra Translation” at the conference “Sutra Transmission and Translation” hosted by the Dunhuang Research Institute and the Woodenfish Foundation at Dunhuang, China on June 16, 2016.
Msgr McPartlan teaches Communion Ecclesiology at Mount Angel
From 13-17 June 2016, Msgr Paul McPartlan gave an intensive course on 'Communion Ecclesiology Today' at Mount Angel Seminary in Oregon. This was the inaugural course of the new Doctor in Ministry (DMin) program at Mount Angel.
Dr. Valkenberg Book Interview
Dr. Valkenberg was interviewed by Dr. Joseph Preville and Julie Harbin about his new book “Nostra Aetate: Celebrating Fifty Years of the Catholic Church’s Dialogue with Jews and Muslims.”
Fr. Ford Served as Moderator
John Ford c.s.c. served as the moderator for the session, Newman and the Crisis of Modernity, at the convention of the Catholic Theological Society of America, in San Juan Puerto Rico (June 9-12).
Dr. Cloutier Receives Book Award
New Faculty member Dr. David Cloutier received the third place award in social ethics at the CPA awards for his book, Vice of Luxury.
Msgr. Irwin Book
Msgr. Iriwn's latest book THE SACRAMENTS: Historical Precedents and Liturgical Theology received the first place book award in the Liturgy category from the Catholic Press Association as announced at their annual meeting in St. Louis this last weekend.
Dr. Capizzi Article
Dr. Capizzi wrote an article discussing if private vice can produce public virtue. The article is posted on Big Questions Online. Click above to view the article.
STRS Proudly Graduates 64 Students
On Saturday, May 14th, the School of Theology and Religious Studies distributed degrees to 64 of its undergraduate and graduate students.
Dr. Grabowski Presentation
Dr. Grabowski gave a presentation at the Academy of Catholic Theology Conference on May 25th: "Family in the Ministry of Pope Francis: Reflections from the Synod." The presentation related some of my own experience as an adiutor at the Synod, offered an interpretation of the purpose of the Synod in the light of Pope Francis's ministry and Amoris laetitia, and identified some critical theological and pastoral issues facing the Church in the aftermath of the Synods and the Apostolic Exhortation.
Dr. Jones Presentation
Dr. Charles B. Jones presented the lecture "How Did Zen Become Zen" for the Smithsonian Associates, Washington D.C., on May 24, 2016.
Dr. Grabowski Keynote
Dr. Grabowski gave the keynote address for the Archdiocese of Washington's Priests Convocation. The title was: " 'Pastors Who Take on the Smell of Their Sheep': Priestly Accompaniment of Families in Light of Amoris laetitia."
Dr. Miller Article
Robert Miller has published an article, "Iconographic Links between Indic and Ancient West Asian Storm Gods" in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft 166 (2016): 141-52.
Fr. Alexopoulos Lecture
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos offered a series of lectures titled "The Power of Worship: Insights from Liturgical History, Liturgical Theology and Liturgical Anthropology” at the Annual Lenten Retreat of the Order of St. Andrew of the Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, at the Hamptons, NY, April 15-16, 2016.
Updated Tracking Sheets
Upon review of the Rector's Handbook and the three recently approved tracking sheets, it appears that the Introduction to Patristic Theology course is a degree requirement of theS.T.B. and by extension, the Joint S.T.B./M.Div. program. It is not a degree requirement for those who are only pursuing the M. Div. degree. For more information, follow the link.
Fr. Alexopoulos Lecture
Fr. Stefanos Alexopoulos lectured on the topic “The Hymns of the Byzantine Divine Liturgy: History and Practice” at the Church Music Institute (Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston), Brookline, MA, April 9, 2016.
Msgr. Irwin Activities
On Wednesday April 6 the Pontifical Liturgical Institute at Sant Anselmo (Rome) hosted a book launch for Msgr. Irwin's latest book, The Sacraments: Historical Foundations and Liturgical Theology. On Tuesday April 19 Msgr. Irwin presented a paper at the International Anglican-Roman Catholic dialogue (Malines) group. Click above to view more details
Msgr. McPartlan Interviewed on NPR
The NPR program, "All Things Considered", on Sunday 10 April contained an interview with Msgr Paul McPartlan on Catholic-Orthodox relations in light of the planned visit of Pope Francis to the Greek island of Lesbos on Friday 15 April, where, together with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople and Archbishop Hieronymos of Athens he will highlight the plight of refugees and migrants.
Mr. Trevor Crowell presented his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy on Monday April 18, 2016. His disseration is titled, "The Biblical Homilies of Ephraem Graecus"
Mr. Godswill Uchenna Agbagwa presented his dissertation for the Degree of Sacred Theology, Moday, April 18, 2016. His Disseratation is titled, " Towards Situating Solidarity in the Thomistic Understanding of Virtue."
Mr. Lawrence Jerome King presented his dissertation for the Degree of Philosophy on Tuesday, April 19, 2016. His dissertation is titled, " The Authoritative Weight of Non-Definitive Magisterial Teaching ."
Mr. Matthew Martin presented his dissertation for the Doctor of Philosophy on Thursday, April 21, 2016. His dissertation is titled, "The Kingdom of Heaven in the Gospel Commentaries of St. Thomas Aquinas: Historical, Eccleiological and Eschatological Dimensions."
Ms. Lindsay Radice presented her dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy on Wednesday, April 20, 2016. Her disseration titled "A Mutiple Case Study Investigation into the Instructional Methodologies utilized by Catholic School Religion Teachers to Implement the 'Doctrinal Elements of Curriculum Framework for Young People of High School Age'".
Mr. Patrick Beldio presented his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy on Friday, April 22, 2016. His dissertation is titled "Art and Beauty, Opposition and Growth, in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram".
Mr. Mark DeCelles presented his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy on Friday, April 22, 2016. His dissertation is titled "The Faithfulness of God in the Theology of Walter Kasper".
Dr. Gregory Article
Bradley Gregory has published an article, "Vice and Virtue in the Moral Vision of the Latin of Sirach" in Biblica 97 (2016): 41-61.
Reverend Dr. Gerard S. Sloyan (b. 1919) is a Roman Catholic priest of Diocese of Trenton, New Jersey. Author, lecturer, professor and scholar Sloyan taught at The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and as guest lecturer at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. A leader in the field of religious education, New Testament, liturgy, ecumenism and inter-religious dialogue, Sloyan's scholarship and pastoral sensitivity bridge the pre- and post-Vatican era of the Church in the United States.
Gerard S. Sloyan was born in New York City on December 13, 1919. Perhaps one of the many foundations of Gerard Sloyan's impressive contributions to Christian Education was sown in the good earth of his unique family. His parents were well educated Irish Catholics whose love of learning and deep faith informed every aspect of their family life. His mother, Marie Virginia Kelley, and his father, Jerome James Sloyan, were both born in Manhattan, New York. His mother was a teacher whose love of literature and learning was a legacy she passed on to her four children: Jean, Elizabeth, Virginia and Gerard. All became educators eminently able to integrate learning with a committed Catholic family life. Sloyan's father studied "scientific dairy farming" at Cornell University but at the onset of World War I was sent to England and France to repair U.S. Navy fighter planes. After the war, his technical expertise evolved into a successful business but the family suffered the effects of the economic downturn triggered by the Great Depression. Creativity, perseverance, hard work and hope brought them through the crisis. Jerome Sloyan rebuilt his business and later developed and marketed an oil-burning unit designed after the jet principle and after that an automatic coal furnace. Creativity, the quest to learn, and religious faith were embedded in family life from the start.
Gerard was baptized at Our Lady of Mercy Roman Catholic Church on January 11, 1920. Seven years later, his parents and two sisters, Jean and Betty, left New Rochelle, New York for Red Bank, New Jersey where Gerard grew up. Similar to most Catholic families in the era of the immigrant church, the Sloyans' family life was anchored to the parish life at St James Catholic Church in that town of twelve thousand. He attended St. James elementary school and the Red Bank Catholic High School, both staffed by the Sisters of Mercy. On the quality of Catholic education there, he recalls that the Sisters were young, handpicked educators who were "long on homework assignments and parent-teacher conferences with an operetta every spring." (Sloyan, 1997, p.3) The high school curriculum included four years of English, Latin, religion study, gymnasium, and the sciences, three of mathematics and French, two of bookkeeping, as well as, a semester of economic, Problems of American Democracy and typing. Sloyan recalls that the Sisters' school was an "intelligent, no nonsense operation" (Sloyan, 1997, p.3). Interest in learning and deep religious faith at home and at school was the parameters of his ever-expanding religious and academic quest.
In addition to a "no nonsense education," Sloyan and his family were intimately connected to the life of the parish church, St. James, particularly in the realm of sacramental liturgy. His lifelong love for the Church's public worship was inspired by his early exposure to the liturgy as an acolyte (altar server) at Masses including the frequently requested Nuptial and Requiem liturgies. He testifies to the powerful impact liturgy in his formative years:
If I were ever to write an autobiography it would mention, somewhat incidentally, that I got an elementary and secondary education, played all the sports indifferently and got to be an Eagle Scout, but mostly was an altar boy. I was so deeply in the Church's offices throughout my youth that they all but defined me … The only thought that came to me and stayed was: "This is pretty serious business. Some priests do it better than others. I think I'd like to be in group A." (Sloyan, 1986, p.312)
After graduating from Catholic high school, Sloyan matriculated at Seton Hall in South Orange, New Jersey in 1936. The course of studies at Seton Hall College was solidly academic but "unimaginative," as he recalls. (Sloyan, 1997, p. 3) Latin, Greek, mathematics, religion, seminary-type theology, chemistry, history, French, and public speaking were taught by a faculty constituted equally of laymen and Newark archdiocesan priests. Not only was Sloyan a serious young academic, he worked on the college newspaper and was assistant manager of the varsity basketball team and, also earned board and room in his sophomore year as sacristan of the college chapel.
As a youth, parish priests inspired Sloyan. As a young adult, priest professors were "eye-openers". In the lives of these men, he saw that one could be a man of books and of learning and a diocesan priest. Thus, his aspiration to become one of them converged with his aptitude and zeal for learning (Friedl, 1997, p.48).
After two years in college, Sloyan was accepted as a candidate for the Diocese of Trenton and entered Immaculate Conception Seminary in Darlington, New Jersey (1938). For the next six years Sloyan dedicated his impressive intellectual energy to philosophy, doctrinal, ascetical and moral theology and canon law. He recalls that in those days seminary instruction in these areas was "earnest but uninspired" (Sloyan, 1997, p. 3). On the other hand, biblical studies and Church history were "good to the point of exciting" (Sloyan, 1997, p.3). Pater Albert Hammenstede, who until 1938 had been prior of the Abbey of Maria Laach (a Benedictine abbey in Rhineland Germany that was a pre-Vatican II center for liturgical reform), taught liturgy for two years, but after that "no one was having any ideas about it in the classroom" (Sloyan, 1986, p.305). Elsewhere he comments, "We just did it, the worship tolerably well, the preaching, under supervision … earnestly but indifferently" (Sloyan, 1997 p. 3).
As a seminarian, Sloyan devoted his summers to seminars exercising his zealous intellectual energy and acumen for the theological panorama of the initial waves of European nouvelle theologie that drifted across the Atlantic through guest lecturers and professors and directed summer seminars in Patristics, Hebrew, the theologies of the Orthodox Churches, and Fundamentaltheologie . Sloyan evaluated his theological education at that time to be "as good as the best in parts, in others as bad as the worst" (Sloyan, 1997, p.4).
While the world was at war for a second time, Sloyan became a subdeacon. He recounts that he was unsure of his vocation. He thought his faith was not strong enough to serve as a spiritual leader or to preach to anyone, but himself. Voicing his fears and contemplating enlisting in the Army, his wise seminary spiritual director remarked, "Gerry, you would make a rotten soldier but a good priest. Forget it". (Friedl, 1997, p. 48)
Sloyan was ordained to the diaconate in September of 1943. Impressed by his outstanding academic performance, the seminary faculty named him one of five classmates to complete his studies at The Catholic University of America leading to a licentiate in sacred theology (S.T.L.). Since a year of residence was required before ordination, Sloyan moved to Washington, D.C. where he resided in the Theological College of The Catholic University. Seminarians from all parts of the United States made up the student body. The Theological College was administered by the diocesan priests of the Society of Saint Suplice, a company of priests dedicated specifically to the theological education of priests in Canada, Europe and the United States. Sloyan and his classmates immersed themselves in Dogmengeschichte (the history of the development of Church doctrine), moral theology, and the rubrics of sacramental celebration. His timidity about his vocation gone, he forged ahead along with the "interesting crowd" of fellow seminarians (Friedl, 1997 p.48).
Sloyan's seminary formation was, also, intensely pastoral. The weekday priest professors on weekends were priest assistant pastors, celebrating Mass and officiating at sacramental celebrations in local parishes (Friedl, 1997, p. 48). Sloyan and companion seminarians were also involved in weekend pastoral ministry in the metropolitan area. He and a half a dozen classmates helped take the census of the then fledgling parish of St. Thomas More in Arlington, Virginia (later to become the cathedral church of the Diocese of Arlington). He was "amazed to learn how many people would admit a twenty-four-year-old in a white shirt and black tie into their homes to pour out the pain that the war was bringing to them … and also (he took) a measure of door slamming in the face" by those not so welcoming (Sloyan, 1997, p. 4).
In June, 1944 Sloyan completed his studies and was ordained a priest by bishop William A. Griffin D.D. of Trenton in St. Mary's Cathedral. The bishop had plans for this young priest and budding scholar, sending him back to The Catholic University of America to pursue doctoral studies in education. The bishop had Sloyan in mind as the future superintendent of the forty elementary schools and twelve high schools in his diocese of Trenton. As a graduate student at The Catholic University, he was among lay students, sisters, brothers, and priests, many of whom were recently mustered out military chaplains. Most were involved in the study of theology, canon law, and education but some were in the Schools of Social Work and Music, plus all the fields of college teaching.
To Sloyan, the intellectual climate of graduate studies whetted his appetite for research and provided a stimulating camaraderie among those who would become future scholars in those disciplines and some would be future members of the episcopate. The friendships formed in those years were "as effective agents of intellectual formation as the course and professors" he recalls (Sloyan, 1997, p. 5). His course work for the Ph.D. illustrates the enforced broadening of his interests after seminary studies: psychology of learning, cognitive and dynamic psychology, statistics, administration of school systems and curriculum. "To retain his sanity from the leaden prose of education textbooks" (Sloyan, 1997, p.5) he audited courses in anthropology and U.S. history. Fulton J. Sheen, the first American Catholic mass media icon, captured Sloyan's admiration as an excellent pedagogue but less so as a philosopher. While a graduate student, he took advantage of the semi-professional offering of the campus theater. The Catholic University sponsored lectures by Continental scholars of renown: Sigrid Undset, Edward Kennard Rand, Etienne Gilson, Nazi-resisting Konrad Cardinal von Preysing, Lisa Meitner, and Jacques Maritain. Sloyan's quest embraced theology and education, thus endowing his expertise with both depth and breadth. For him, theological education was never purely academic.
While finalizing his doctoral dissertation, Sloyan attended the lectures of the famed guest lecturer at The Catholic University, Dom Godfrey Diekmann, who would become a consultor on the liturgy at the Second Vatican Council. Sloyan delighted to hear "that man get inside the Didache , Justin's first Apology , and various patristic homilists On the Sacraments and On the Creeds ." Sloyan's love for learning, especially in the field of liturgy, was manifested in his continued interest in this area. Upon receiving the Berakah Award from the North American Academy of Liturgy in 1986, he claimed he felt "a little bit of a goose among swans, namely, a practicer of the art of public worship without any formal training in its history or theory" (Sloyan 1986, p. 305). He was however, exposed to the great minds of European liturgical and theological traditions in various academic forums at The Catholic University of America and through research. Leaders in liturgical theology included: Victor Warnach, Ildefons Herwegen, Odo Casel, H. A Reinhold, Leo von Rudloff, the founder of Weston Priory, Vermont and later the Abbot of the Dormition Monastery, Jerusalem and Damasus Winzen, the Founder of Mount Savior Monastery in Pine City, New York. The latter two were his Darlington seminary teachers of philosophy. Additionally there was Karl Adam, dogmatic theologian of University of Tubingen, Matthias Scheeben, Josef Jungmann, Emile Mersch: all great souled scholars whose depth and breadth Sloyan creatively integrated into his approach to religious education and theology in the era of Vatican II.
Sloyan and his scholarly colleagues formed a community of mentors: James Rea, Eugene Walsh, Myles Bourke, Maurice Dingman and Joseph Konrad. They "talked for hours into the night of a world that might be a pastoral, not a monastic, liturgy that invited the people to pray in concert - knowingly, lovingly, in art forms that were simple but elegant - as Christ, head and members, singing God's praises in the Spirit" (Sloyan, 1986, p. 309). Sloyan, himself, helped to create the "world" that the Second Vatican Council made a reality, not a nighttime conversation. Johannes Quasten, one of the authors of the first drafts of Sacrosantum Concilium , was later a faculty colleague in Washington. Sloyan assimilated the ideas of renowned theological scholars, particularly in the area of the Bible and the Liturgy, and creatively wove them into new approach to Catholic religious education. Sloyan helped blaze a new trail for integrative religious education in the United States.
Sloyan's dissertation, Christian Concepts in Social Studies in Catholic Elementary Education (1948), manifested his talent for sharp analysis and creative vision. He investigated the social studies curriculum in the Catholic elementary school in view of its formative influence on the life of the student. He questioned whether or not the prevailing model of the Catholic elementary school social studies curriculum integrated a religious vision of social reality in both content and method. According to his analysis it did not. His dissertation was published as a book, which was reprinted a number of times. Others were interested in his early reading of the signs of the times for education prior to the critical examination inspired by Vatican Council II.
Sloyan drew seven conclusions that challenged the status quo of social studies curriculum of the 1940's. His research revealed that only two of the twenty five elementary social studies curricula integrated Catholic social doctrine (Sloyan, 1948, p.176). This curriculum did not come to grips with any of the social problems that Catholic children face and before long will be their major preoccupation (Sloyan, 1948, p.179). Catholic courses in geography "contribute almost nothing to the socialization of the child." History courses seldom include a religious vision of history except for a possible mention of the Incarnation (Sloyan, 1948, p.179) Racism, as a social reality was not addressed; hence, there was no serious application of the theology of the Mystical Body. Instead, generalities about "sympathy and understanding" dilute its social impact (Sloyan, 1948, p.179). Catholic mission activity was presented in isolation from the growth of Christianity. Christianity's contribution to the alleviation of social, cultural and economic ills was not linked to the mission of the church (Sloyan, 1948, p.179). Catholic teachers lacked an informed understanding of Catholic social teaching. And, the curriculum guidelines were inadequate. Few additional resources for development or enrichment were provided (Sloyan, 1948, p. 180).
Aware that his study was an indictment of the status quo of Catholic elementary education of the time, Sloyan commented,
"Should it (this study) sting … the writer sincerely trusts that such smarts will be taken as merely antiseptic. Or, to change the metaphor … remember the ancient difficulty of making an omelet without breaking a few eggs." (Sloyan, 1948 p. 180)>
"Breaking a few eggs" was only the entrée! Sloyan's sharp wit, meticulous research, and appealing style in preaching, writing and speaking became his trademark. All of his audiences, both academic and popular, found fine fare in whatever banquet he prepared.
Sloyan graduated from The Catholic University of America with a Ph.D. in education in 1948. He returned to the diocese of Trenton, New Jersey where he served for a year in Trenton's German Catholic parish and then for two in Maple Shade. Bishop William A. Griffin's death signaled the end of his brief career as assistant superintendent of Catholic schools. The rector of the Catholic University, Rev. Patrick McCormick, made overtures to the new bishop, George W. Ahr, requesting that Sloyan return to his alma mater as instructor in the graduate department of religious education. (1950-1967). At this time, the University offered religion courses to all undergraduates and was distinguished in the country for its groundbreaking M.A. and PhD program in religion, studies distinct from the theology curriculum ordinarily offered to men studying for the priesthood. These were courses designed for non-clerics but a few priests were also enrolled as degree candidates, finding the approach refreshingly different from their seminary studies.
In 1957 Sloyan was appointed the head of the department of religious education, a post which he held for ten years (1957-1967). In the headship he actively promoted graduate and undergraduate courses in religion and theology for religious sisters, lay men and women. During his tenure the department progressively became a center for research in the history of religious education and for the preparation of professors and teachers in Catholic schools and religious education programs throughout the United States and the world through missionaries earning graduate degrees.
Because the university was Catholic and the department pastorally oriented, Sloyan and his colleagues were significantly instrumental in articulating an American response to ressourcement envisioned by the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). The department became intensely engaged in promoting conciliar reform and renewal. It sponsored a weekday Mass of faculty and graduate students incorporating all the modes of celebration that the Liturgical Conference has been proposing over the previous twenty five years and the changes promulgated by the Council on December 4, 1963. Catholic theological life passed from famine to feast in the conciliar years according to Sloyan. He became a recognized and respected leader in the post-conciliar Church. As he says, he was deeply engaged in "barnstorming the country to explain what the Council's documents were teaching" (Friedl, 1997, p. 49). A gifted speaker and writer, his numerous contributions shaped the post-Vatican II United States. His publications, both popular and academic, betrayed his talent for translating "the signs of the times" to virtually any audience: priests, sisters, brothers, the laity, Catholics, Protestants, some Jews, even perhaps the occasional unbeliever. A sample of his books include: Worship in a New Key: What the Council Teaches on Liturgy (1965), Commentary on the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy of the Second Vatican Council (1964) To Hear the Word of God: homilies at Mass (1965); Nothing of Yesterday Preached (1966); Rejoice and Take It Away (two volumes, 1984) How Do I Know I am Doing Right (1967); Speaking of Religious Education (1968).
Sloyan's literary output also addressed a broad spectrum of educational issues: Catholic education, seminary education, and religious education/catechesis. He relentlessly challenged educators to evaluate soberly the impact of Christian educational theory and practice in light of current theological renewal and sound educational pedagogy. Sloyan was always the advocate of strong academic programs on the undergraduate and graduate level. He was among the strongest proponents of the College Theology Society, an organization dedicated to fortifying the academic character of theology and religious courses on the college level. Over the years he assumed roles of leadership in this organization and was instrumental in the publication of the Society's academic journal, Horizons. It was his hope that the College Theology Society would become more ecumenical in scope through the contributions of authors of other religious denominations. As head of the department, he was the first to appoint a professor of Protestant theology. Sloyan was also the first Catholic to be invited to join the editorial committee of Religious Education , the official journal of the Religious Education Association and served in that position from 1952-1970.
A sample of Sloyan's articles and reviews on educational topics and issues reveals the depth and scope of his attentive reading of "the signs of the times": "Undergraduate Studies in Sacred Doctrine in One U.S. University" ( Lumen Vitae ,1960), "Vital Concern: Seminaries in America" ( Commonweal , 1973), "Catechetical Progress" ( Worship , 1961), "Fifty Years of Telling the Good News: Canon Drinkwater" ( Worship , 1961), "Bibliography of Landmarks in the History of Catechizing" ( Worship , 1962), "Catechetical Roundup" ( Worship , 1962); "Religious Education" (Commonweal, 1973), "Religious Education Analyzed" ( North American Liturgical Weeks Proceedings , 1965). To him, teaching, whether in writing or by speaking, was preeminently "pastoral work without the hurly burly of the parish". (Friedl, 1997, p.49)
Not only did Sloyan "barnstorm" the country but, also, he "barnstormed" the metropolitan area of the nation's capital. His commitment to ecumenism and interreligious dialogue ushered him into synagogues, meeting halls, churches, university campuses; before diverse audiences: youth, adults, professional educators, ministers, rabbis. Sloyan's great gift was his ability to engage anyone, anywhere in the proclamation of the authentic catholicity of the Christian faith. Colleagues in both church affiliated and secular universities recognized and esteemed Sloyan's erudition and scholarly critique of contemporary theological issues and institutions.
It was this avid interesting in other religious traditions that led him to accept a professorship in the School of Religious Studies at Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1967). He was the first Catholic priest to accept a full time appointment at a state related institution. Here, he also flourished as a writer, speaker, and professor. The multi-cultural, multi-religious ambience of Temple University tapped his talent as a gifted educator and adroit administrator. Elected chairperson of the Department of Religion after only three years, he helped to make it a large and vigorous department by adding Hindu and Buddhist studies to the existing areas of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam (Sloyan, 1997, p. 6). This could not have happened without the active support of the institution's dean and president, something the religion faculty at the neighboring University of Pennsylvania did not enjoy.
Commenting on his resignation from the faculty of The Catholic University Sloyan remarks that his "chief motivation was the desire to return to fulltime teaching and research." (Sloyan, 1968, p.7) He lamented the lack of time for serious scholarship during his tenure as professor and chairperson . For him, private study and research were the strongest influence in preparation for classroom teaching . Yet, the priceless value of "learned papers heard" and "conversations engaged in" among his colleagues and students enhanced his creativity. Sloyan was a great admirer of Karl Rahner. He appreciated his erudition and prized Rahner's high estimation of theologians able to popularize theological themes without trivializing their truth (Sloyan, 1997, p.7). At Temple University, Sloyan broadened the scope of his scholarship. He continued to write and speak in the domain of religious education at the college level but because Temple was state-related, no courses in that branch of pastoral theology were able to be offered. He intensified his research in the New Testament producing three substantial books and three smaller ones in biblical interpretation while there. He also reached out to other religious traditions and vigorously promoted inter religious dialogue, chiefly with Jews in the Philadelphia area, but also through colleagues in that tradition and the numerous Jewish and Muslim students earning doctorates in the study of their respective religions.Another significant element of Sloyan's ministerial contributions was the depth of his knowledge of and appreciation for pastoral liturgy. He was not joking when he admits he was "born an altar boy" (Sloyan, 1986, p. 308). At least he was coached by his mother in learning the extensive Latin responses at Holy Mass by age six in New Rochelle, New York. Presiding at the Eucharist and celebrating the Sacrament of Reconciliation along with occasional baptisms, nuptial liturgies and funeral rites has been an integral part of his priestly life throughout his academic career.
For Sloyan, liturgy and education were linked. From its beginning in Europe, liturgical renewal was associated with biblical, catechetical, and ecumenical movements. Sloyan integrated the developments in all fields of renewal in a remarkably creative way. Gabriel Moran notes that Gerard Sloyan bridged two eras providing a "distinctive spirit to a generation of religious educators" in the United States (Moran, 1997, p.152).
The depth of Sloyan's scholarship evoked an unusual pastoral sensitivity. His numerous contributions in almost every imaginable field: liturgy, worship, Scripture and catechesis all manifest the giftedness of this "born altar boy". Parallel to his leadership in the field of religious education and catechesis, Sloyan was known and recognized for his contributions to liturgical renewal in the United States. He assumed various positions of leadership in the North American Liturgical Conference. And, in recognition for his leadership and scholarship, he was awarded the Berakah Award by the North American Academy of Liturgy (1986) and the Michael Mathis award from the University of Notre Dame Center for Pastoral Liturgy (1994). The Berakah Award presentation captures the convergence of Sloyan's multifaceted gifts.
From the deep wells of intellect and heart … as biblical scholar and theologian you have drawn us sources of refreshment for renewing liturgical life. Presiding and proclaiming at altar and ambo … teaching and ministry is your seamless vestment. Rarely has care for essentials of text and spirit so combined with sustained work and prayer for true ecumenism; more rare the words and deeds of Jewish-Christian dialogue which deepen both (Berakah Award, 1997).
In 1990 Sloyan retired from full time work at Temple University. He continued, however, to be active in part time teaching, writing and speaking at Temple from 1992 to 1994. He returned to The Catholic University of America in 1994 as Distinguished Professor and in 1996 as Distinguished Professor at Georgetown University. One could hardly say he is retired from active duty. He continues to write, speak, lecture and preside at the liturgy in local parishes and in the University community. Not one to tire of pastoral zeal, he continues to travel and lecture, most recently in a Catholic Jewish Dialogue on the Holocaust sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania's Newman Center and its Hillel Holocaust Education Committee. Ever ready to embrace the new and the challenging, Sloyan is expanding his linguist talents (French, German, Italian) to include Spanish. How else could he be priest, brother, tio and friend to the Hispanic community?
Sloyan's contribution to Christian education can be appreciated in light of the state of Catholic religious education (catechesis) at the advent of Vatican II. In response to the post-World War II baby boom, Catholic schools, staffed largely by religious Sisters and Brothers, flourished in the United States, particularly in urban areas with high concentration of Catholics, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and Los Angeles. As already mentioned, Sloyan's bishop had intended him to become the superintendent of the Catholic schools in the Diocese of Trenton. Instead, his background as professional educator and theologian at The Catholic University of America enabled him to spearhead the professionalization and modernization of Catholic faith education, particularly on the college undergraduate and graduate level. The term "Religious Education" was not widely used in the Roman Catholic community but Sloyan, like John Montgomery Cooper before him, incorporated the terminology of fellow Christian educators of the Religious Education Association. "Religious education", rather than catechism instruction was the real focus of the Catholic school (Sloyan, 1968, p. 8). Through his dialogue with Protestant scholars Sloyan reminded his Catholic colleagues that Catholics were by no means the only ones convinced of the importance of academic study of Christian education in the field of religion and religious education. As head of a department of that name at The Catholic University of America, Sloyan and his colleagues taught numerous students of other faiths and churches, chiefly in the Schools of Engineering, Music, Speech and Drama. He was able to negotiate a regular appointment of a Protestant scholar lecturing in that tradition at about the same time St. John's University in Jamaica, New York did the same: two important "firsts." Later at Temple University he joined others in offering courses in various religious traditions on the graduate and undergraduate levels, the first university to do so with public funding.
In view of the limits of this article and the scope of Sloyan's scholarship in this field, the focus on his contributions will be in three areas: the theological foundation for religious education and the integration of educational theory in curriculum design; the academic preparation of Christian educators, particularly religious Sisters, Brothers, priests in school work and the laity; and his inclusive approach to religious education realized in the integration of Scripture, liturgy, and worship.
Sloyan helped break new ground when he joined Mary Nona McGreal, O.P. in her three volume Guiding Growth in Christian Social Living in facing the question of the adequacy of social studies curricula in Catholic elementary schools. This he first did in his dissertation (which was published, then reprinted twice due to demand). He applied the same keen critical analysis to the method and content of religion classes in Catholic schools, namely memorization of answers to questions in the Baltimore Catechism (1885)and its revised but not improved version (1941), the daily bread of practically every Catholic student in the country prior to 1960. Influenced by the European catechetical movement, Sloyan led the way on this side of the Atlantic to a return to the kerygmatic approach to pedagogy in keeping with the psychological maturity of the child. In his words, basing religious education solely on question and answers to the catechism amounted to the imposition of a "pedagogical straight jacket" not a living transmission of the Christian message (Sloyan 1968, p. 16).
Faith is a reality which must live, but it cannot live if its presentation prescinds from the vital spiritual, economic, or social forces and tendencies of the historical situation in which the believer lives (Sloyan, 1968, p.16).
He lamented that the 1941 revision of the catechism ignored a rich theological tradition available in the works of eminent scholars such as Johann Adam Mohler, M.J. Scheeben, and Emile Mersch. On theological and pedagogical grounds, he challenged the caliber and impact of religious instruction based exclusively on the question and answer method, He argued that the task of religious education was to "find the existentially important questions which are alive in the minds and hearts of the students" (Sloyan, 1968, p. 21). Moreover, a "catechism that has all the answers methodologically and logically arranged tends to give answers before the questions are asked" (Sloyan, 1968, p. 21). He charged that religious education in the United States amounted to a memoristic formality, extrinsic to the religious experience of the learner. Michael J. Wrenn, notes that Gerard Sloyan's publication of Shaping the Christian Message (1958) mirrored the influx of prominent European scholars in the field of catechesis (Lane, 1986, p.37).
Very creative and committed to a more authentic and timely approach to education in Christ, he explored the psychological dynamics of religious learning. Basing his claims in part on Piaget, Sloyan proposed that religious education coincide with the psychological maturity of the learner (Sloyan, 1968, p.22). Citing David Elkind's application of Piagetian principles in the Child Study Center, Sloyan suggests that the emotional and conceptual development of the learner be the focus of religious education.
The child can experience religious emotions before he can entertain religious thoughts … For children, religion is first of all feelings and action within the sphere of the actions of the Church (Sloyan, 1968, p.23).
Thus, he challenged the Roman Catholic educational community to shift the focus of both content and method in religious education. To him, "the encounter of faith contains a new type personalism and anthropology" (Sloyan, 1968, p. 25).
Sloyan's earliest insights about religious education can be traced to his dissertation, Christian Concepts in the Catholic Elementary School Social Studies (Catholic University Press, 1948). Prior to Vatican II's "Declaration on Christian Education" he envisioned education as a formative process of "growing up in Christ" (Co 3:4) as Francis Drinkwater had long been doing in England through his journal, The Sower .
The work of the Christian educator is cooperation with divine grace so that the supernatural virtues infused at Holy Baptism may be practiced by the learner with facility rather than possessed as mere capabilities; so that the person educated may become that image of the Divine Trinity longed for by God and for him for eternity (Sloyan, 1948, p. viii).
Sloyan challenged the enclave mentality of the Catholic school as bastion of Catholic identity:
The specific canon of success or failure in Catholic education is whether or not everything the child studies in the Catholic school is calculated to teach him more about Jesus Christ, and everything he experiences makes him more like Christ (Sloyan, 1948, p.xiii).
Sloyan responded to criticisms that Catholic schools were copies of public schools with a thin veneer of Catholicism thrown over them (Sloyan, 1958 p. xii). He defined Catholic education as a form of Christian education, but singular for its expression of the Catholic theological tradition. Education, Catholic and Christian, can and must educate the whole person towards the fullness of his Christian destiny. Much of his formation as a religious educator came through his membership in the Liturgical Conference beginning in 1944, which he also served as president in 1962-1964 continuing as an active board member for the next thirty-five years.
Undoubtedly, Sloyan is one of the preeminent educational leaders upon whose back the Roman Catholic Church in the United States journeyed from pre-Vatican II to post-Vatican era (Moran, 1997, p. 152). Gabriel Moran, his student and fellow educator, appraises Sloyan's contributions as a decisive link between eras, particularly in the shape and direction the Department of Religious Education took under his direction. Prior to the 1960's many courses in college religion for undergraduate students focused on apologetics and moral instruction. Sloyan redesigned the program by offering college theology taught by a select faculty (Nuesse, 1990, p. 398). Firmly grounded in the Catholic theological tradition, college theology began to be on par with the academic standards of courses in the arts, sciences, technology and law. Sloyan was in tune with "a nationwide movement for the reorientation of undergraduate instruction in a stricter, more critical, disciplinary direction" (Nuesse, 1990, p.398) No longer would clerics be the only Catholics with a genuinely theological education; so also, would the laity, religious sisters and brothers. Sloyan's innovative approach provoked controversy in the School of Theology since, up until that time, only ecclesiastical students took courses in theology (Nuesse, 1990, p. 398). Not only did undergraduates benefit from the Department of Religion and Religious Education, but also M.A. and Ph.D. programs were initiated to meet the growing demand for leadership and scholarly research in religious education.
From 1957 to 1967 Sloyan was chairperson of this Department which, in the wake of Vatican II, became the foremost center in the Catholic Church for the reform of religious education and catechesis in the United States. Before long, other such centers, notably at Boston College and Fordham University came into existence. Sloyan invited European scholars in theology, Scripture, catechetics and religious education and liturgy to give six week courses in summer sessions as part of year-round M.A. programs at the Catholic University of America. Always the champion of academic excellence and pastoral commitment, Sloyan and his colleagues established graduate programs which shaped a generation of renowned Christian educators, not only in the Catholic theological tradition, but also, in educational pedagogy, religion and culture. During this time, Sloyan edited an eleven book series of college textbooks for Prentice Hall, Foundations of Catholic Theology , to which he added his own, The Three Persons in One God , (1964), and the multi authored Modern Catechetics: Message and Method in Religious Formation (1963).
Sloyan not only bridged two eras of Catholicism in the United States, he also paved pathways to friendly interreligious and ecumenical dialogue, specifically with Judaism and Islam (Truitt, 1990, p. 294). During his tenure at Temple University, as both professor of New Testament Studies and Chair of the Department of Religion in the 1970's and again in the 1980's, he journeyed with his colleagues in the religion department notably Robert Gordis, Jacob Agus, Isma 'el al Faruqi, Hassan Hanafas, Leonard Swidler, and Mahoud Ayoub into the rich and bountiful land of interfaith dialogue. Earlier he had made the acquaintance of John M. Osterrmiecher who gave him a place on the first board of Seton Hall University's Institute of Judeo-Christian Studies, later carried on by Asher Finkel and Lawrence Frizzell. He relished the contributions of Protestant scholarship and the found the new vistas of the Jewish and Muslim traditions compelling.
The result of Sloyan's association with scholars in other religious traditions occasioned contributions in the sphere of interreligious dialogue. A Commentary on the Oberammergau Passionsspiel: In Regard to its Image of Jews and Judaism (1978) [with Leonard Swidler], which achieved twenty-three changes in the text as well as others in the continuing 1990 season long production. Bursting The Bonds? A Jewish-Christian Dialogue on Jesus and Paul (Orbis Books,1990). [with Leonard Swidler, Lewis Eron and Lester Dean] and What Men Owe to Women, Men's Voices from World Religions (SUNY Press, 2001) were other works. Besides his impressive literary output, Sloyan made deep and lasting friendships with his Jewish and Muslim counterparts. Still recognized as an expert and enthusiast in this field, he is often invited as guest lecturer in Jewish-Christian relations having served for its entire duration on Philadelphia Interfaith Council on the Holocaust. In 1970, while at Temple University Sloyan was awarded the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice medal for his work as English editor of the New American Bible's New Testament (1970). He has also served as president of the College Theology Society (1964-1966) and the Catholic Theological Society of America (1993-1994).
One of Sloyan's most recent works in the field of ecumenism is Preaching from the Lectionary: An Exegetical Commentary (2004). This substantial volume offers informed and insightful commentaries on the biblical texts for the Roman Catholic Lectionary for Mass (1969, 1981) and the Consultation of Common Text's Protestant Revised Common Lectionary (1992). To assist pastors in "identifying central issues, struggling with difficult elements, and suggesting new insights" a CD ROM accompanies the hefty volume (Preface, xvii). Ever the educator, liturgist, biblical scholar and ecumenist, Sloyan has yet to deliver his last word!
George Albert Coe, one of the great scholars in religious education at the beginning of this century, asked a perennial question: "Shall the primary purpose of Christian education be to hand on religion or create a new world?" (Coe, 1929, p.29) Sloyan, at the close of the same century, suggests that it is in the handing on of the tradition celebrated in the liturgy, proclaimed in the Word, and articulated in educational praxis that the Kingdom comes.
- The Berakah award for 1986. (1986). Worship , 60, 304.
- Coe, G. A. (1929). What is Christian education ? New York: Scribner and Sons.
- Friedl, F. P., & Reynolds R. (Eds.). (1997). Extraordinary lives . Notre Dame, Indiana: Ave Maria Press.
- Moran, G. (1997). Religious education after Vatican II. In J. Raines, & D. P. Defroymson (Eds.), Open Catholicism: The tradition at its best: Essays in honor of Gerard S. Sloyan (pp. 151-166). Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press.
- Nuesse, C. J. (1990). The Catholic University of America: A centennial history . Washington, D. C.: The Catholic University Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1948). Christian concepts in social studies in catholic elementary education . Washington, D. C.: Catholic University Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). Shaping the Christian message . New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1968). Speaking of religious education . New York: Herder and Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). I was there when some of it happened. In J. Raines, & D. P, Efroymson (Eds.), Open Catholicism: The tradition at its best: Essays in honor of Gerard S. Sloyan (pp. 1-8). Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2004). Preaching from the lectionary: An exegetical commentary . Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
- Truitt, G. E. (1990). Gerard Sloyan. In R. L. Tuzik (Ed.), How firm a foundation: Leaders of the liturgical movement (pp. 292-299). Chicago: Liturgical Training Publications.
- Wrenn, M. J. (1986). Religious education at the crossroads: U.S.A. In D. Lane (Ed.), Religious education and the future (pp. 31-51). New York: Paulist Press.
Books and Pamphlets
- Sloyan, G. S. (2004). Preaching from the lectionary: an exegetical commentary . Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2004). Why Jesus died . [Edited excerpt of The crucifixion of Jesus (1995)]. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (Ed.). (1996). Religions of the book . Annual publication of the College Theology Society vol. 38. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). The crucifixion of Jesus: History, myth, faith . Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). Walking in the truth: Perseverers and deserters: The First, Second, and Third Letters of John . Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). Pentecost 1: Interpreting the lessons of the Church year . Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). So you mean to read the Bible! Some tips for absolute beginners . Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). What are they saying about John ? New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990). Catholic morality revisited: Origins and contemporary challenges . Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). Jesus: Redeemer and divine Word . Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). Holy week . Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). John: A biblical commentary for teaching and preaching . Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). The Jesus tradition: Images of Jesus in the West . Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). Advent, Christmas . Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S., & Swidler, L. (1984). The passion of the Jews, recommended changes in the Oberammergau passion play after 1984 . New York: Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1984). Rejoice and take it away: Vol. 2. Sunday preaching from the scriptures . Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1984). Worshipful preaching . Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1983). Jesus in focus: A life in its setting . Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications. [Revised, 1994)
- Sloyan, G. S., & Swidler, L (1978). Commentary on the Oberammergau passionspiel in regard to its image of Jews and Judaism . New York: Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1978). Is Christ the end of the law ? Philadelphia: Westminster.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1975). Commentary on the new lectionary . New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S., & Kee, H. C. (1974). Pentecost 3 . Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1973). Jesus on trial: The development of the passion narratives and their historical and ecumenical implications . Philadelphia: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1971). New American Bible . Washington, DC: National Center for Religious Education. [English Ed., New Testament].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1968). The books of Ruth and Tobit . Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1968). Speaking of religious education . New York: Herder & Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). How do I know I'm doing right? Toward the formation of a Christian conscience . New York: George A. Pflaum. [Revised, 1976]
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966). Nothing of yesterday preaches: Homilies for contemporaries . New York: Herder & Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1965). To hear the word of God: Homilies at Mass . New York: Herder & Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1965). Worship in a new key: What the council teaches on the liturgy . Washington, DC: The Liturgical Conference. [Reprinted, 1968. New York: Doubleday Echo].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). Commentary on the Constitution of the Sacred Liturgy of the Second Vatican Council and the Motu Propio of Pope Paul VI . Glen Rock, NJ: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). Liturgy in focus . Glen Rock, NJ: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). Foundations of Catholic theology: Vol. 11 Three persons in one God . In Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). The Trinity . Glen Rock, NJ: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Christ the Lord . New York: Herder & Herder. [Revised, 1965. New York: Doubleday Echo].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Vocabulary for the Roman Catholic Faith. New York: Data Guild. [Solid plastic religion charts].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The Gospel of St. Mark: Introduction and commentary . Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. [Also in Spanish and Malayalam].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1954). The sacrament idea . Washington, DC: National Council of Catholic Men. [Catholic hour radio address NBC].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1950). Christian concepts in social studies in Catholic education (2nd ed.). Catholic University of America Press, Washington, D.C. [second printing; first published under the title: The recognition of certain Christian concepts in the social studies in Catholic elementary education, 1948.].
Chapters in Books
- Sloyan, G. S. (2003). Bernard Cooke: Creator of the need for suitable textbooks in theology. In Sacramental life (pp.33-38). Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2003). Christ and redemption. In T. Wiley (Ed.), Thinking of Christ, proclamation, explanation, meaning . New York: Continuum.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). Holy week. In New proclamation year B 1999-2000 . Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). God's mercy endures forever: guidelines for the presentation of Jew and Judaism in catholic preaching. In The liturgy documents (Vol. 2). Chicago: The Liturgy Training Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). I was there when some of it happened. In D. Efroymson, & J. Raines (Eds.), Open Catholicism: The tradition at its best: essays in honor of Gerard S. Sloyan (pp.1-8). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). Preaching. In C. Stuhlmueller (Ed.), The Collegeville pastoral dictionary of biblical theology (pp. 765-769). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). Teach/Teaching. In C. Stuhlmueller (Ed.), The Collegeville pastoral dictionary of Biblical theology (pp. 974-977). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). Liturgical preaching. In W.H. Willimon, & R. Lischer (Eds.), Concise encyclopedia of preaching (pp. 311-313). Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox.
- Sloyan, G. S (1994). The homily and catechesis. The catechism and/or the lectionary? In B. L. Marthaler (Ed.), Introducing the Catechism of the Catholic Church (pp. 133-141). New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). The role of the bible in catechesis according to the catechism. In In B.L. Marthaler (Ed.), Introducing the Catechism of the Catholic Church (pp. 32-42). New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). Jesus and history. In R. C. Miller (Ed.), Empirical theology: A handbook (pp. 142-154). Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). A Response to the Study [of post-Vatican II liturgy in 15 U.S. parishes] from the standpoint of Christology. In L. J. Madden (Ed.), The awakening church: Twenty-five years of liturgical renewal (pp. 46-54). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
- Sloyan, G. S., & Dean L. (1990). A Jewish-Christian dialogue about Paul. In L. Dean, L. Eron, & L. Swidler (Eds.), Bursting the bonds? A Jewish-Christian dialogue on Jesus and Paul (pp. 125-216). Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). Colossians. In B.W. Anderson (Ed.), The books of the bible 2 (pp. 301-310). New York: Scribner's Sons.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). Ephesians. In B.W. Anderson (Ed.), The books of the bible 2 (pp. 282-292). New York: Scribner's Sons.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). Forming catechumens through the lectionary. In J. Wilde (Ed.), Before and after baptism (pp. 27-37). Chicago: Liturgical Training Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). Biblical Theology. In J. Komonchak, M. Collins, & D.A. Lane (Eds.), The new dictionary of theology (pp. 118-129). Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). The Catholic-Protestant conflict in Northern Ireland. In C. Fu, & G. Spiegler (Eds.), Movements and issues in world religions: A sourcebook and analysis of developments since 1945 (pp. 39-55). Westport, CT: Greenwood.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). A light of revelation to the gentiles [homily for Epiphany]. In J. T. Pawlikowski, & J. A. Wilde (Eds.), When Catholics speak about Jews (pp. 35-37). Chicago: Liturgical Training Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1983). Liturgical basis for social policy: A Catholic viewpoint. In D. F. Polish, & E. J. Fisher (Eds.), Liturgical foundations of social policy in the Catholic and Jewish traditions (pp. 169-179). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1981). Who are the people of God? In A. Finskel, & L. Frizzell (Eds.), Standing before God, Studies on prayer in scripture and in tradition with essays in honor of John M. Osterreicher (pp. 103-114). New York: Ktav.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). Come Lord Jesus: The view of the post-resurrection community. In F. A. Eigo (Ed.), Who do people say I am ? (pp. 91-122). Villanova, PA: Villanova University Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). Obeying for conscience sake. In K. Nichols (Ed.), Voice of the hidden waterfall: Essays on religious education in honour of Francis Drinkwater (pp. 61-75). Middlegreen, Slough, England: St. Paul Publications.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). Response to Samuel Terrien's The Elusive Presence. In L. Frizzell (Ed.), God and his temple: Reflections on Professor Samuel Terrien's The Elusive Presence: Toward a new biblical theology (pp. 66-71). South Orange, NJ: Institute of Judeao-Christian Studies, Seton Hall University.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979). Conscience. In R. A. Boulet (Ed.), Moral education and development . Dayton, OH: Pflaum.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1977). Letter of James. In R. H. Fuller, et al. (Eds.), Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter (pp. 28-49). Philadelphia, Fortres Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1977). Recent literature on the trial narratives of the four gospels. In T. J. Ryan (Ed.), Critical history and biblical faith. Proceedings of the College Theology Society 1977 (pp. 136-176). Villanova, PA: College Theology Society.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1975). Postbiblical development of the Petrine mystery. In J. W. Flanagan (Ed.), No famine in the land. Studies in honor of John L. McKenzie (pp. 223-233). Missoula, MT: Scholars Press for the Institute for Antiquity and Christianity.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1974). Christianity [plotting of maps and text]. In I. Al-Faruqi (Ed.), A historical atlas of the religions of the world (pp. 201-236). New York: Macmillan.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1972). Biblical and patristic motives for celibacy of church ministers. In W. Bassett, & P. Huizing (Eds.), Concilium: Vol. 78. Celibacy in the church (pp.13-29). New York: Herder and Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1972). Some problems in modern Christology. In G. Devine (Ed.), A world more human, a Church more Christian. Proceedings of the College Theology Society 1972 (pp. 27-51). Villanova, PA: College Theology Society.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1968). Blessed are certain of the peacemakers. In T. Quigley (Ed.), American Catholics and Vietnam (pp. 27-38). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. [reprinted in Spiritual Life , 13, 231-243].
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). Catechetics. In The new Catholic encyclopedia (Vol. 3) (pp. 220-225). New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). Catechisms. In The new Catholic encyclopedia (Vol. 3) (pp. 225-231). New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). English literature on the homily. In P. Benoit, R. E. Murphy, & B. van Iersel (Eds.), Concilium: Vol. 20. The dynamism of biblical tradition (pp. 124-130). New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). The parish as educator. In J. O'Gara (Ed.), The postconciliar parish (pp. 127-136). New York: Kenedy.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). Spirituality for the secular priesthood. In G. S. Sloyan (Ed.), The secular priest in the new church (pp. 55-76). New York: Herder and Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966). The meaning of Israel as idea and reality. In P.J. Scharper (Ed.), Torah and Gospel: Jewish and Catholic theology in dialogue (pp. 215-228). New York: Sheed and Ward.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Liturgy and catechetics. In F. R. McManus (Ed.), The revival of the liturgy: Gift to Father Godfrey Diekmann on his jubilee as editor of Worship (pp. 42-61). New York: Herder and Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Relation of the catechism to the work of religious formation. In G. S. Sloyan (Ed.), Modern catechetics: Message and method in religious formations (pp. 63-101). New York: Macmillan.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Roman Catholic education in the U. S. A. In K. B. Cully (Ed.), Westminster dictionary of religious education (pp. 576-581). Philadelphia: Westminster.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Seminary training and religious education. In G. S. Sloyan (Ed.), Modern catechetics: Message and method in religious formations (pp. 291-303). New York: Macmillan.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). The Good News and the catechetical scene in the United States. In J. A. Jungmann (Ed.), The Good News yesterday and today (W.A. Huesmann, Trans.). (pp. 211-228). New York: Sadlier.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Amerika, die Vereinigte Staten von . In L. Lentner (Ed.), Katechetisches Lexikon (cols. 11-26). Freiburg: Herder.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Marian prayers. In J. B. Carol, (Ed.), Mariology (Vol. 3) (pp. 64-87). Milwaukee, WI: Bruce.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). Pastoral formation as an aim of the seminary liturgy course. In Yearbook of liturgical studies (Vol. 1) (pp. 3-14). Notre Dame, IN: Fides.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The problem of prohibited books and the American Catholic intellectual: Vol. 6. Society of Catholic College Teachers of Sacred Doctrine Proceedings (pp. 83-89). Villanova, PA: Catholic College Teachers of Sacred Doctrine.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). Roman Catholic religious education. In M. J. Taylor (Ed.), Religious education (pp. 396-409). New York: Abingdon.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The youth of the church. In D. Flanagan (Ed.), The city: Essays on the Church (pp. 5-12). Dublin, Ireland: Gill.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). Shaping the Christian message. In G. S. Sloyan (Ed.), Shaping the Christian message: Essays in religious education (pp. 11-45). New York: Macmillan.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1955). From Christ in the Gospel to Christ in the Church: Catholic College Teachers of Sacred Doctrine. Proceedings 1 (pp. 10-24). Villanova, PA: Catholic College Teachers of Sacred Doctrine.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1951). Thomas Wolfe: A legend of a man's youth in his hunger. In H. C. Gardiner (Ed.), Fifty years of the American novel, 1900-1950 (pp.197-215). New York: Scribner's Sons.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2005). Jesus encounters sinners. The Bible Today , 43, 16-22.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2005). The art and craft of Preaching. The summit: journal of the liturgical commission Archdiocese of Melbourne , 37, 10-11.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2002). Cruciformity: Paul's spirituality of the cross. Worship , 76, 567-569.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2002). Thus faith comes from what is heard (Romans 10:17): How much of the Bible do people hear? Biblical Theology Bulletin , 32, 100-107.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2001). Some thoughts on Bible translations. Worship , 75, 228-249.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). What kind of canon do the lectionaries constitute? Biblical Theology Bulletin , 30, 27-35.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). Coming soon: The return of an old tradition: Married presbyterate in the west. America , 182 (13), 12-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). The Torah's vision of worship. Worship , 74, 279-280.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). Take care," as everyone says nowadays. Worship , 74, 168-173.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). The wall was of jasper, the city pure gold, clear as glass. Worship , 74, 55-59.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). Some notes on becoming a Holy Communion. Worship , 73, 541-545.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). The Playing of the Merry Org' Sweet singing in the choir. Worship , 73, 453-457.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). We read fine things but never feel them to the full. Worship , 73, 348-351.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). On leadership in prayer. Worship , 73, 246-249.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). Why ignorance of the Bible makes good liturgical observance impossible. Pastoral Music , 24 (1), 25+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). How does the proclaimed Word mean? Pastoral Music , 23 (4), 21+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1998). Christian Persecution of the Jews over the centuries. United States Holocaust Museum. Retrieved from http://www.ushamm.org/research/center/persecution/persecution.pdf
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). Some thoughts on liturgical preaching. Worship , 71, 386-399.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). The Gnostic adoption of John's Gospel and its canonization by the Church Catholic. Biblical Theology Bulletin , 26, 125-132.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). A people delights in the Triune NAME: Preaching the readings. Liturgy , 13 (1), 4-9.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). Do Catholics understand the sacraments? Church , 11 (3), 12-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). The popular passion piety of the Catholic west. Worship , 69, 2-28.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). Presence and absence in the Eucharist. Worship , 69, 263-269.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). The use of the Bible in A new resource Bbook. Biblical Theology Bulletin , 25, 3-13.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). Demons and exorcisms. The Bible Today , 32, 21-26.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). The Jesus in whom the churches of the apostolic age believed: Vol. 48. Presidential Address, The Catholic Theological Society of America Proceedings (65-79).
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993, December-1994, January). Not even Solomon in all his splendor. The New Testament and creation. Pastoral Musician , 18, 25-26, 33-35.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). Statement commemorating the 30th anniversary of Vatican II's Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy and Responding to conservative criticism of Catholic liturgical reform; the Amen corner. Worship , 68, 157-167.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). A theological and pastoral critique of Catechism of the Catholic Church. Horizons , 21, 159-171.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994, Summer). Thirty years after the Constitution on Sacred Liturgy [statement]. Liturgical Ministry , 3, 111.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). An all saints prayer. Liturgy , 12, 8+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). Guides for preaching in a spirit of prayer. Liturgy , 12, 37+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). Piety Centered on Jesus' Sufferings and Some Eccentric Christian Understandings of the Mystery of Calvary. Worship , 67, 98.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). Jewish-Christian dialogue: An annotated book list. Living Light , 30 (1), 93-99.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). The scriptures of the season: Eastertime. Liturgy , 11, 43-53.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). Easter's fifty days. Liturgy , 11(2), 64-65.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). The fiftieth day. Liturgy , 11 (2), 66.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). Book Roundup: Preaching Matthew. Church , 8 (4), 51-54.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). Homily, Brooklyn, New York [liturgy for Christian burial of R. W. Hovda; Isaiah 25:6-9; Psalm 23; Thessalonians 4: 13-18; Matthew 11:25-30]. Worship , 66, 267-270.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). Make us to be one body, one spirit, in Christ. Sisters Today , 64, 377-385.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). Preaching Matthew. Church , 8 (4), 51-54.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). What is John 17 saying to the churches? Liturgy , 10 (1), 53-55.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991, January). The lectionary: The independent second readings and the psalter. Liturgy , 90, 8-10, 13.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991, February). To be the best we can be. Religion Teacher's Journal , 25, 24-25.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991, May-June). Studying the lectionary. Liturgy , 90, 8-11.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990, November-December). The lectionary. The four gospels: Four interpretations of Jesus. Liturgy , 90, 9-11.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990, October). The lectionary. The Hebrew scriptures apart from their fulfillment in Christ. Liturgy , 90, 9-11.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990, August-September). The lectionary. A treasure-house of images. Liturgy , 90, 7-9, 15.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990, July). The lectionary. Richer fare for God's people. Liturgy , 90, 8-10.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). Some suggestions for a biblical three-year lectionary. Worship , 63, 521-535.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989, August-September). The paschal triduum: An enduring drama. Pastoral Musician , 15-18.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). Christianity's view of the religious 'other'. Drew Gateway , 58, 47-51.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). Is church teaching neglected when the lectionary is preached? Worship , 61, 126-140.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). Word and sacrament in the life of the Spirit. Liturgy , 5 (3), 59-69.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). The resurrection of the body and life-everlasting - personal fulfillment. Furrow , 37, 747-755.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). Response to the Berakah award. Worship , 60, 305-311.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). The bible as the book of the church. Worship , 60, 9-21.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). Review symposium: resurrection: New Testament witness and contemporary reflection. By P. Perkins [4 reviews: rejoinder]. Horizons , 12, 358-370.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). Outreach to Gentiles and Jews: New Testament reflections. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 22, 764-769.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). Some theological implications of the Holocaust. Interpretation , 39, 402-413.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). Jewish ritual of the first century C. E. and Christian sacramental behavior. Biblical Theology Bulletin , 15, 98-103.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1984). Transmitting the heritage of faith through libraries. Catholic Library World , 53, 15-20.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1984). Preparation for preaching [excerpt from Worshipful Preaching , 1984]. Christian Ministry , 15 (4), 5-7.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1983). The Samaritans in the New Testament [2 Kings 17:25-41; John 4]. Horizons , 10, 7-21.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1983, October). Jesus in focus. Today's Parish , 15, 8-10.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1983). The bible on sacred space. Liturgy , 2 (4), 21-27.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1982). Israel: Warp and woof in John's gospel. Face to Face: An Interreligious Bulletin , 9, 17-22.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1982, January-February). Discipleship of Christ in the Book of Revelation. National Catholic World , 225, 38-40.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1981). Faith and law: An essay toward Jewish-Christian dialogue. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 18, 93-103.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980, March). We're not ready for it. Pastoral Music , 4, 64-65.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). Jesus of Nazareth: Today's way to God. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 17, 49-56. Reprinted in (1980). L. Swidler, (Ed.), Consensus in Theology? A Dialogue with Hans KÜng and E. Schillebeeckx (pp. 1-32) Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). An instructional cycle to prop up the lectionary. Living Light , 17 (4), 182-186.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 25 (1980 March-April), 41.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980, January-February). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 25, 45.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1980). The bible and Christian prayer. Liturgy , 1, 3-8.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979). Why is Christianity resisted today? Spirituality Today , 31, 149-156.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979, November-December). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 24, 44.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979, September-October). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 24, 39-40.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979, July-August). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 24, 7-8.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1979, May-June). Bibliography File. Liturgy , 24, 9-10.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1978, November). Visions of unity in bible and liturgy. Liturgy , 23, 9-14.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1978, May). Moral education and development: Forming a right conscience. Today's Catholic Teacher , 11, 24-25.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1977, November). The power of God. Liturgy , 22, 26-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1977). The lectionary as a context for interpretation. Liturgy , 2 (3), 43-49. Also found in Interpretation, 31, 131-138.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1977). Jesus in Jewish-Christian-Muslim dialogue. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 14, 448-465.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1976, May). Sunday, a different day. Sign , 55, 5-9.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1976). Roman Catholic Eucharistic reforms: A basis for dialogue? Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 13, 286-291; and in L. Swidler (Ed.), Eucharist in ecumenical dialogue (pp. 96-101). New York: Paulist Press.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1976). The Jews and the new Roman lectionary. Face to Face , 2, 5-8.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1975, November-December). Doing right revisited. Religion Teacher's Journal , 9, 37-39.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1973). An annotated bibliography of selected titles in Christology. Living Light , 10 (4), 566-571.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1972). What has Christianity to do with Jesus? Monastic Studies , 8, 45-66.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1972, February 25). Selections for religious book week: Critic's choices. Commonweal , 95, 506-508.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1971, March 26). The permanent diaconate: A new servant class? Commonweal , 94, 56-60.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1971). The last days of Jesus. Judaism , 20, 56-68.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1970, October 7). Seminaries in America. Commonweal , 73, 37-40.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1970). Orthodoxy and heterodoxy: The situation in the Church Today. Catholic Theological Society of America Proceedings , 25, 137-154. Reply by N. McEleney, 25 (1970), 155-158.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1970). The new rite for celebrating marriage. Worship , 44, 258-267.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1970). The New American Bible. Living Light , 7 (1), 87-104.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1970, March 27). Is there any hope for liturgy? Commonweal , 93, 56-60.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1969). The new role of the study of religion in higher education: What does it mean? Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 6, 1-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1969). Meaning and qualities of ministry: The office of permanent deacon. Living Worship , 5 (7), 1-6.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1968). A new catechism: Catholic Faith for Adults, 1967. Religious Education , 63, 328-330.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967, December). What about the Dutch catechism? U. S. Catholic , 33, 6-10.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967, January 7). A statement on teaching religion. America , 116, 16-20.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). Religious studies in Roman Catholic colleges and universities. Theological Education , 3 (2), 376-383.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). On Christian education. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 28, 23-30.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1967). The age of first confession. Catholic Theological Society of America Proceedings , 22, 201-213.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966). Religious education as a correlate of 'religious knowledge': Some problem areas. Religious Education , 61, 286-291, 298.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966, March 25). The parish as educator. Commonweal , 84, 20-23.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966). How worldly must the Church be? North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 27, 49-56.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966, June 17). Debate on the Eucharist, The real presences. Commonweal , 84, 357-361.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966, March). Changes coming in penance. Catholic Layman , 80, 46-49.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1966). Books on religious education, 1955-1965 [annotated bibliography]. Worship , 40, 209-217.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1965). Religious education analyzed. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 26, 210-214.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1965). Faith comes through hearing. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 26, 125-131.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964, August 22). Progress report on the liturgy. America , 111, 179-183.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). The liturgy: The summit and source of the Church's activity. National Liturgical Week Proceedings , 25, 194-197.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). The liturgy and the average priest. Homiletic and Pastoral Review , 64, 105-117.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy and prayer life in the college. Society of Catholic College Teachers of Sacred Doctrine. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Convention , 10, 107-121.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1964). Catechetical crossroads. Religious Education , 59, 145-148.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963, January 25). Religious education. Commonweal , 77, 459-460.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Preaching at Mass. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 24, 191-194.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). The mystery of Christ. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 24, 16-21.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Good music needed for Mass singing: Excerpts from interview. Choir , 49, 136-137.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). God's secret design summed up in Christ: The heart of catechizing. The Bible Today , 7, 412-417.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Faith and modern subjective thought. Catholic Theological Society of America Proceedings , 18, 77-87.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963, September-October). Catechetics today. Perspectives , 8, 132-137.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1963). Catechetical renewal (a midstream evaluation). Worship , 37, 96-102.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Use of sacred scripture in catechetics. Religious Education , 57, 329-334.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). The holy Eucharist as an eschatological meal. Worship , 36, 444-451.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Feast of St. Jane Frances FrÉmiot de Chantal. National Liturgical Week Proceedings , 23, 109-112.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Catechetical round-up [literature review]. Worship , 36, 366-371.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). Bibliography of landmarks in the history of catechizing. Worship , 36, 371-373.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1962). A theology of election: Review of Jakob JÓcz's book. The Bridge: Yearbook of Judeao-Christian Studies , 4, 361-370.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Trinitarian devotion and spiritual life. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 22, 125-128.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). "Primitive" and Pauline concepts of the Eucharist. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 23, 1-13.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Liturgical proclamation of the Word of God. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 22, 7-15.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Is it Good News or isn't it? Catholic Book Reporter , 1, 10-11.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Fifty years of telling the Good News [Canon F.H. Drinkwater, 1886-1982]. Worship , 35, 210-213.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). Catechetical progress [Europenne de Recherches catechetiques. London, (1961, May), 22-25]. Worship , 35, 661-669.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1961). The liturgy and the Word of God. Worship , 35, 105-107.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960, October 7). Vital concern: Seminaries in America. Commonweal , 73, 37-40.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). Undergraduate studies in sacred doctrine at one U. S. university. Lumen Vitae , 15, 712-722.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The response of faith in the sacraments: Comments. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 21, 27-28.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The joy of Christ. Furrow , 11, 91-98.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). The International Study Week on mission catechetics (Eichstätt, Germany). Worship , 35, 48-57.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1960). Good news? The Priest , 16, 615-619. Also in Shield , 41, 16-17+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1959). Some problems of religious formation in our day. Catholic Educational Review , 57, 217-226.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1959). Religion in a state university. Commonweal , 67 (1959, October 2), 7-10.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1959). The Gospel according to Luke. Worship , 33, 633-641.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). Presenting God's plan of salvation. Commonweal , 67 (1958, January 3), 365-366.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). In quest of God. Commonweal , 67 (1958, February 21), 531-533.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). The Gospel according to Matthew: The semitic character of the Gospel. Worship , 32, 342-351.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). The Gospel according to Mark. Worship , 32, 547-557.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). Catholic catechism. Worship , 32, 305-308.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1958). Buber and the significance of Jesus. The Bridge: A Yearbook of Judeao-Christian Studies , 3, 209-233.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Springs of morality in current Catholic ethics. Worship , 31, 188-199.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Liturgy in the colleges. North American Liturgical Week Proceedings , 18, 141-146.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Liturgical week. Worship , 31, 544-549.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Experience of mystery. Requisite for theology. Catholic Educational Review , 55, 289-199.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Eucharist and the aims of Christian education. Worship , 31, 312-319.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957, March 8). Catechism and the Word. Commonweal , 65, 586-589.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Books. America , 96 (1956, November 6), 132-133.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1957). Books. America , 96 (1956, January 26), 488.
- Sloyan, G. S. ((1956, June 27). Shaping the Christian message. Commonweal , 64, 413-417.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1956). Religious education today [Antwerp Congress]. Catholic Educational Review , 54, 577-588.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1956, January 28). Pewholder's theology. America , 94, 481-482.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1956, August 11). Dignity of the laity. America , 95, 448.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1955). Some factors in the teaching of sacred doctrine. Catholic Educational Review , 53, 1-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. ((1954, February). Working with men of good will: Fiftieth anniversary convention of the Religious Education Association. National Catholic Education Association Bulletin , 50, 7-17.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1954). Mary in the temporal cycle-Easter season. National Liturgical Week Proceedings , 15, 115-135.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1954, June). Chalk dust on a black suit: William H. Russell. Columbia , 33, 15+.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1953, October). They're all ours and it's no picnic. Columbia , 33, 11-21+
- Sloyan, G. S. (1953, November). Presentation of Our Lady. American Ecclesiatical Review , 129, 314-316.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1953, August). Curriculum in transition. National Catholic Education Association Bulletin , 50, 341-347.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1953, April). Catholic high school: Idea and reality. Catholic Educational Review , 51, 217-233.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1952, April). That I may never be thirsty. Catholic Educational Review , 50, 223-234.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1952, Spring). School: Religion's too secret weapon. Columbia , 32, 4-5.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1952). Reading the Bible: Some suggestions. Worship , 26, 310-315.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1951). Read the Bible and … Worship , 26, 144-51.
- loyan, G. S. (1951, November). On educating leaders. Catholic Educational Review , 49, 577-585.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2002). [Review of the book Liturgical works ]. Worship , 76, 191.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2002). [Review of the book Has God only one blessing? Judaism as a source of Christian self-understanding ]. Horizons , 29, 164-166.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2001). [Review of the book Symbols of God's presence to the Church: Verbal and non-verbal ]. Theology Today , 58, 304-320.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2001). [Review of the book Written that you may believe: Encountering Jesus in the fourth gospel ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 63, 560-561.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2001). [Review of the book At this time in this place: The spirit embodied in the local assembly ]. Worship , 75, 374-376.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). [Review of the book Jesus the meek king ]. Horizons , 27, 393-394.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). [Review of the book Essai sur les origines du christianisme: une secte ÉclatÉe ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 62, 560-563.
- Sloyan, G. S. (2000). [Review of the book New Testament Christology ]. Interpretation , 54, 96-97.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). [Review of the book History of theology, the Renaissance (Vol. 3)]. Biblical Theology Bulletin , 28, 167-168.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). [Review of the book Liturgy and the moral self: Humanity at full stretch before God ]. Worship , 73, 370-372.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). [Review of the books The reading and preaching of the Scriptures in the worship of the Christian Church: Vol. 2 patristic age and The reading and preaching of the Scriptures in the worship of the Christian Church, Vl.1 The biblical period ]. Worship , 73, 284-286.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1999). [Review of the book The unread vision: The liturgical movement in the United States of America, 1926-1955 ]. Worship , 73, 273-275.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1998). [Review of the book Johannine perspectives on the death of Jesus ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 60, 151-152.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1998). [Review of the book Scripture and memory: The ecumenical hermeneutic of the three-year lectionaries ]. Worship , 72, 186-189.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1998). [Review of the book History of theology: Vol. 1 the patristic period ]. Biblical Theology Bulletin , 28, 86-88.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). [Review of the book The death of the messiah: From Gethsemane to the grave: a commentary on the passion narratives of the four Gospels (2 Vols.) ]. Horizons , 24, 297-298.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). [Review of the books The Gospel according to John: A literary and theological commentary and The quest for the origin of John's gospel: A source-oriented approach ]. Thomist , 61, 660-664.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1997). [Review of the books The Jews in the time of Jesus: An introduction and Jesus' Jewishness: Exploring the place of Jesus within early Judaism ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 34, 608-609.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). [Review of the books The origins of Christian faith and An introduction to New Testament Christology ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 58, 537-539.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1996). [Review of the book The apostolic see and The Jews: Documents: 1522-1538, 104; Documents: 1539-1545, 105; Documents: 1546-1555, 106; History 110; Addenda, Corrigenda, Bibliography and Indexes, 110 ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 33, 250-252.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). [Review of the book The Psalms through three thousand years: Prayerbook of a cloud of witness ]. Worship , 69, 180-182.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995). [Review of the book JÉsus, Fils de l'Homme et Fils de Dieu: Jean 2:23-3:36 at la double Christologic Johannique ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 57, 183-84.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1995, September). [Review of the book Saudi Arabia ]. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , 541, 193.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). [Review of the book From synagogue to church: Public services and offices in the earliest Christian communities .]. Worship , 68, 80-81.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994). [Review of the book Divorce in the New Testament ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 56, 362-364.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1994, January). [Review of the book Politics in the Middle East ]. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , 531, 187.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). [Review of the book The parting of the ways: Between Christianity and Judaism and their significance for the character of Christianity ]. Interpretation , 47, 201-210.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). [Review of the book A marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus, VI: The roots of the problem and person ]. Horizons , 20, 484.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993) [Review of the book Jewish prayer: The origins of Christian liturgy ]. Worship , 67, 287-288.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993) [Review of the book The historical Jesus: The life of a Mediterranean Jewish peasant ]. Horizons , 20, 143-145.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). [Review of the book Disinheriting the Jews: Abraham in early Christian controversy ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 55, 296-297.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). [Review of the book A Marginal View: Rethinking the Historical Jesus: The Roots of the Problem and the Person; The Historical Jesus the Life of a Mediterranean Peasant ]. Horizons , 20, 143.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1993). [Review of the book Women in the Genesis of Christianity; The Christology of Jesus ]. Horizons , 19, 312
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992, January). [Review of the books Islamic Fundamentalism and Between Qur'an and Crown: The challenge of political legitimacy in the Arab world ]. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , 519, 204-205.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). [Review of the book The non-violent coming of God ]. Sisters Today , 64, 382-383.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). [Review of the book The new Jerome biblical commentary ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 29, 273-274.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). [Review of the book Dying we live: A new enquiry into the death of Christ in the New Testament ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 29, 117.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). [Review of the book A dictionary of biblical interpretation ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 52, 388-389.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1992). [Reviews of the books The Christology of Jesus and Women and the genesis of Christianity ]. Horizons , 19, 312-313.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). [Review of the book Sociology in the Jesus movement ]. Horizons , 18, 317-318.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). [Review of the book Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Vol. 3. The classical texts and their interpretation ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 28, 507-508.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). [Review of the book American Catholic biblical scholarship: A history from the early republic to Vatican II ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 53, 133-134.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). [Review of the book Jesus: One and many - The Christological concept of New Testament authors ]. Horizons , 17, 326-327.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1991). [Review of the book Epistle to the Hebrews: A commentary ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 27, 127.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1990). [Review of the book The apostolic see and the Jews: Documents: 492-1404, studies and texts 94; Documents 1394-1464, 95; Documents: 1464-1521, 99 ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 27, 783-784.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). [Review of the book Johannine faith and liberating community ]. Theology Today , 46, 241-242.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). [Review of the book Jesus and the spiral of violence: Popular resistance in Roman Palestine ]. Horizons , 16, 380-382.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). [Review of the book Jesus, a new vision: Spirit, culture, and the life of discipleship ]. Worship , 63, 270-272.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989). [Review of the book Hebrew gospel: Cracking the code of Mark ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 26, 396-397.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1989, July). [Review of the books American mainline religion and evangelicalism ]. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , 504, 163.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). [Review of the book Understanding scripture: Explorations of Jewish and Christian traditions of interpretation ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 25, 294-295.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). [Review of the book Theology as hermeneutics: Rudolf Bultmann's interpretation of the history of Jesus ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 50, 541-542.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). [Review of the book The Halakah of Jesus of Nazareth according to the Gospel of Matthew ]. Judaism , 37, 122-124.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). [Review of the book The formation of Christendom ]. Horizons , 15, 390.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1988). [Review of the book Christ and his benefits: Christology and redemption in the New Testament ]. Theology Today , 45, 359-361.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). [Review of the book Woman: First among the faithful ]. Worship , 61, 188-189.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). [Review of the book The original New Testament ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 24, 312-313.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). [Review of he book New testament hospitality: Partnership with strangers as promise and mission ]. Horizons , 14, 142-143.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1987). [Review of the book Irony in the fourth gospel ]. Interpretation , 41, 318-319.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). [Review of the book The supper of the Lord ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 48, 757-758; also in Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 23, 549.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). [Review of the book The Old Testament in the Gospel passion narratives ]. Interpretation , 40, 94-95.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1986). [Reviews of the books Midrash in context: Exegesis in formative Judaism; Messiah in context ; and Torah: From scroll to symbolism in formative Judaism ]. Journal of Ecumenical Studies , 23, 119-120.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). [Reviews of the books The world of St. John: The gospel and the epistles ; and Jesus in the Gospel of John ]. Theology Today , 42, 146-147.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). [Review of the book Somatic comprehension of unity: The Church in Ephesus ]. Catholic Biblical Quarterly , 47, 176-178.
- Sloyan, G. S. (1985). [Review of the book Resurrection: New Testament witness and contemporary reflection ].